Thursday, August 27, 2020

In What Ways May the Lieutenant and the Priest be Compared and Differentiated in Part One of the Novel Essays

In What Ways May the Lieutenant and the Priest be Compared and Differentiated in Part One of the Novel Essays In What Ways May the Lieutenant and the Priest be Compared and Differentiated in Part One of the Novel Essay In What Ways May the Lieutenant and the Priest be Compared and Differentiated in Part One of the Novel Essay Greene has made two entrancing and complex characters. The initial segment of the novel spins, more often than not, around these two characters. The whisky minister and the lieutenant may appear to be inverse characters yet they share numerous qualities which makes the connection between these two primary figures an extraordinary and muddled one. In this article I will investigate the distinctions and the differentiations between these two characters. The fundamental factor which joins the characters of the whisky minister and the lieutenant is that the two characters are commanded by their standards, that is, the two characters not exclusively are happy to pass on for their beliefs, however they are likewise ready to live exclusively to satisfy them. The lieutenant accepts that he should dispense with the congregation so as to make a superior world. He has exceptionally solid intentions, these have without a doubt risen up out of his past: he rememberedthe holy places of his boyhooddemands produced using the special raised area ventures by men who didnt know the significance of penance. He accepts that enduring is the way towards a superior world, future. The lieutenants standards live on with the fundamental target of making a superior world for the future and for the individuals who have been mortified and cheated by the congregation. The lieutenants beliefs are clear in the accompanying piece: All they need is your cash. What has God at any point accomplished for you?. One factor which separates the cleric and the lieutenant is the source of their hopeful commanded lives; the lieutenant seeks after his goal due to despise and moral commitment: The new kids would have new memoriesIt goaded him to imagine that there were despite everything individuals in the state who trusted in an adoring and forgiving God. While the beliefs which the minister speaks to were conceived out of aspiration and kept on living on inside him with similar powers: influence and cash: he had ambitionHe talked for quite a while, getting a charge out of the sound of his own voice Although later on the cleric follows his goals in light of the fact that just by living on he speaks to the inverse and fundamental post of the lieutenant. The minister is obliged to continue living on for his religion directs that he should never end his own life and it appears to the peruser that on the off chance that it were the clerics choice he would have ended it all. The lieutenant then again has not the commitment to continue living nor is he constrained to go further with the mistreatment. This is one of the most distinct differences between the two characters. The way that the minister is obliged to continue living in torment and in the contrary method of how he lived not just adds to the steady incongruity of the book yet it likewise assists with subverting the defective and evil life which the cleric use to have: He thought with jealousy of the men who had kicked the bucket: it was finished unexpectedly early. The ministers enduring recovers his disgraceful life and enables the peruser to turn out to be progressively thoughtful with this character. Greene makes the characters amusingly comparative and unique. He does this somehow or another to change our view of what can be judged or how we can pass judgment. Incidentally the lieutenant lives like the minister should live as indicated by catholic lessons while the cleric lives in the contrary manner by which he should. Unmistakable evidence of the cleric like existence of the lieutenant can be found in the accompanying entry: there was something of a minister in his purpose attentive walkHe was a spiritualist toohe felt no need of ladies. The minister then again has numerous wrongdoings, he has a soft spot for tissue, he is a drunkard and he was at first, before, keen on cash above religion. It is extremely hard to decide as far as who is nobler, obviously the lieutenant has more command over his activities and individual and that despite the fact that he is basically searching for power, he has embraced a reason which he is persuaded will improve the world. The cleric faces vi ciousness and murder yet he started as a minister searching for influence and cash and he was not persuaded by the catholic reason, he was just looking for a superior life for himself. Who is nobler, he who lives as indicated by his goals since he accepts? Or on the other hand he who lives as indicated by his standards since it is the most straightforward decision throughout everyday life? The appropriate response appears to be clear in this novel, yet it isn't. Greene figures out how to make an environment were one is constrained at long last to get thoughtful to one character despite the fact that the wrongdoings are consistently present. Despite the fact that the cleric lives on without being a firm adherent since the asking of his ministry, we do feel increasingly thoughtful with him. A potential answer is the conspicuous contrast among the two characters: philosophy. Also, the other which I accept is significantly more significant is the techniques through which they seek after their destinations. In spite of the fact that it is truly plausible that the peruser is progressively thoughtful to the clerics strict goals I feel that the perusers will be substantially more constrained by the obliged journey which places his life in peril as well as lights the dispersed candles of expectation all through the book. A noteworthy differentiation between the characters is the way that one of the two is by all accounts considerably more human than the other, along these lines we feel increasingly related to this character. The lieutenant has no compassion at all with the shortcoming of the tissue, he executes unpredictably and substantially less of his past is uncovered, as though he had been brought into the world similarly as the oppressions had started, he epitomizes the abuses. The minister on the opposite has shortcomings, he fears, he endures, he has had enticements or more all he has empathy for the contemptible and the degenerate. The clerics empathy and shortcomings make him increasingly human, and in this manner make us share more compassion toward him despite the fact that he sometimes falls short for our concept of a decent minister. The most crude correlation between these two characters is that the lieutenant is eager to slaughter the minister out of disdain while the cleric feels sym pathy for the sort of individual the lieutenant is. This is the most clear distinction among these two weaving characters. Taking everything into account, these two dim question marks remain being a secret independently toward the finish of the initial segment, however whenever seen in general one may find that the two characters need each other to exist as they do. The minister needs the abuse to turn into a genuine cleric deserving of our true compassion while the lieutenant needs of his prey to have a vehicle to spare the people in the future. What's more, however totally different in numerous viewpoints, one can't draw a line across both of them without unavoidably understanding the crucial manners by which they exist and hence in which they are comparable.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The Kite Runner - Response free essay sample

The content The Kite Runner, composed by Khaled Hosseini, fuses two predominant subjects that truly stood apart to me. The first was man’s savagery to man and the second was the quest for reclamation. The further I read into the content the more it stunned me due to the activities of Amir and how genuinely savage he was to Hassan at an early stage in the content and what his thought process was. The endeavors for his father’s love and fondness was what drove Amir into acting in such a horrible path towards his closest companion and obviously his relative. These were egotistical activities that incorporated the prodding and joke Amir made of Hassan, the time he opposed sparing from Assef when being assaulted in the rear entryway and at long last, confining Hassan to free himself of the problem of contemplating what had occurred. Amir settled on these choices out of unadulterated narrow-mindedness, he wasn’t considering the outcomes that may happen for him, yet the individuals around him. We will compose a custom article test on The Kite Runner Response or on the other hand any comparable theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page When prodding Hassan, he did it so he could have a fabulous time. At the point when he didn’t help Hassan with Assef, he did so just considering himself and how he required that kite for his father’s love and affirmation. Furthermore, when he confined Hassan so they needed to leave, he did as such to make life simpler for himself. This includes man’s savagery to man through the manner by which Amir acted and how it affected others in his life, even the nearest of relatives. It made me consider what drives us as individuals. What do we live or battle for? Some battle for opportunity, for equity. Anyway in local questions, for example, Amir’s case, it was only the adoration and warmth from a protective figure which Baba didn't accommodate Amir thus that long for that force constrained him to settle on unreasonable choices that were not proposed for a youngster, for example, Amir. I don’t think Amir is a truly awful individual, as we see later in the novel, anyway individuals, for example, Amir have that thought process which drives us to do awful things to the individuals who are nearest. The subsequent prevailing topic that I could distinguish would be the quest for reclamation for Amir. All things considered, this is the foundation of the whole story. We start in Amir’s past where he battles to wind up in the core of Baba and whenever the open door emerges to vindicate himself by winning the Kite competition and show up home to introduce the last kite which Hassan was to run. This is the thing that lead to Hassan’s assault and Amir’s refusal to not help Hassan and rather flee and show up later with the Kite for his dad. This critical occasion set the remainder of the novel moving in light of the fact that Amir’s blame prompted him being compelled to outline Hassan into burglary and the in the end Hassan and Ali leaving. A significant statement that shows this blame and quest for recovery is the point at which he was remaining with Farid and his sibling in Afghanistan when searching for Sohrab. â€Å"I have been looking into that abandoned back street for the last twenty-six years. † This gives us that Amir knows about his wrongdoings that he submitted as a youngster had tailed him into his adulthood and he is compelled to figure out how to make up for himself and to help Sohrab. It is Hassan’s assault that persuades Amir to scan for Redemption anyway it is the assignment of sparing Hassan’s child Sohrab that turns into the excursion for Amir on his approach to reclamation. He needs to go to bat for what is correct which is spare Sohrab as opposed to being detached and not supporting himself or Hassan which prompts his assault. I accept the Amir is a decent individual, despite the fact that as a little fellow is compelled to settle on complex choices which were significant. His quest for Redemption is a method of saying 'sorry' to Hassan despite the fact that couldn't genuinely after Hassan’s murder, so all things being equal he accepts, as do I, that the most ideal approach to respect such a powerful character in Amir’s life is to spare and receive Hassan’s kid. All in all, Khaled Hosseini produces an incredible novel which rouses me to consider the intentions in us as people to act in malicious manners that can exact mischief and setback on others regardless of whether are close or related. It additionally made me consider the sort of condition today wherein individuals are compelled to settle on choices that sway on the lives of others and result in us scanning for absolution for sins and that look for reclamation that drives the malevolence away and the great back in. Amir is unquestionably a mind boggling character who despite the fact that is anecdotal, speaks to a lot of individuals in today’s society.

On Virtue and Happiness, by John Stuart Mill

On Virtue and Happiness, by John Stuart Mill English logician and social reformer John Stuart Mill was one of the significant scholarly figures of the nineteenth century and an establishing individual from the Utilitarian Society. In the accompanying portion from his long philosophical exposition Utilitarianism, Mill depends on methodologies of order and division to shield the utilitarian principle that bliss is the sole finish of human activity. On Virtue and Happiness by John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) The utilitarian principle is, that joy is attractive, and the main thing alluring, as an end; every single other thing being just alluring as intends keeping that in mind. What should be expected of this doctrine,what conditions is it imperative that the precept ought to satisfy, to make great its case to be accepted? The main evidence equipped for being given that an article is noticeable, is that individuals really observe it. The main verification that a sound is discernible, is that individuals hear it; thus of different wellsprings of our experience. In like way, I capture, the sole proof it is conceivable to deliver that anything is alluring, is that individuals do really want it. In the event that the end which the utilitarian convention proposes to itself were not, in principle and practically speaking, recognized to be an end, nothing would ever persuade any individual that it was so. No explanation can be given why the general bliss is attractive, then again, actually every individual, so far as he trusts it to be feasible, wants his own joy. This, nonetheless, being a reality, we have not just all the evidence which the case concedes to, yet all which it is conceivable to require, that satisfaction is a decent, that every individual bliss is a decent to that individual, and the general joy, accordingly, a great to the total everything being equal. Bliss has made out its title as one of the parts of the bargains, thus one of the measures of ethical quality. However, it has not, by this by itself, demonstrated itself to be the sole rule. To do that, no doubt, by a similar standard, important to appear, that individuals want satisfaction, however that they want nothing else. Presently it is substantial that they do want things which, in like manner language, are determinedly recognized from bliss. They want, for instance, temperance, and the nonattendance of bad habit, no less truly than joy and the nonappearance of torment. The longing of temperance isn't as widespread, however it is as legitimate a reality, as the craving of joy. Also, subsequently the adversaries of the utilitarian standard regard that they reserve a privilege to construe that there are different parts of the bargains other than joy, and that satisfaction isn't the standard of endorsement and objection. Yet, does the utilitarian tenet deny that individuals want ethicalness, or keep up that uprightness isn't a thing to be wanted? The converse. It keeps up that prudence is to be wanted, however that it is to be wanted unbiasedly, for itself. Whatever might be the assessment of utilitarian moralists regarding the first conditions by which prudence is made ideals, anyway they may accept (as they do) that activities and demeanors are just highminded on the grounds that they advance another end than righteousness, yet this being truly, and it having been chosen, from contemplations of this depiction, what is upright, they not just spot ethicalness at the very leader of the things which are acceptable as intends to a definitive end, however they likewise perceive as a mental certainty the chance of its being, to the individual, a great in itself, without looking to any end past it; and hold, that the psyche isn't in a correct state, not in a state comparable to Utility, not in the state ge nerally helpful for the general joy, except if it loves uprightness thusly as a thing alluring in itself, even in spite of the fact that, in the individual occasion, it ought not deliver those other attractive outcomes which it will in general produce, and because of which it is held to be excellence. This assessment isn't, in the littlest degree, a takeoff from the Happiness guideline. The elements of bliss are exceptionally different, and every one of them is attractive in itself, and not only when considered as growing a total. The guideline of utility doesn't imply that any given joy, as music, for example, or any given exclusion from torment, as wellbeing, is to be viewed as intends to an aggregate something named satisfaction, and to be wanted on that account. They are wanted and attractive in and for themselves; other than being implies, they are a piece of the end. Prudence, as indicated by the utilitarian convention, isn't normally and initially part of the end, yet it is fit for turning out to be so; and in the individuals who love it impartially it has become along these lines, and is wanted and loved, not as a way to bliss, however as a piece of their joy. Finished up on page two Proceeded from page oneTo show this more distant, we may recollect that ideals isn't the main thing, initially a methods, and which in the event that it were not a way to whatever else, would be and stay unconcerned, however which by relationship with what it is a way to, comes to be wanted for itself, and that too with the most extreme power. What, for instance, will we say of the adoration for cash? There is nothing initially more alluring about cash than about any pile of sparkling rocks. Its value is exclusively that of the things which it will purchase; the wants for different things than itself, which it is a methods for satisfying. However the adoration for cash isn't just one of the most grounded moving powers of human life, yet cash is, as a rule, wanted in and for itself; the longing to have it is frequently more grounded than the craving to utilize it, and continues expanding when all the wants which point to closes past it, to be compassed by it, are tumbling off. It migh t, at that point, be said genuinely, that cash is wanted not for an end, however as a major aspect of the end. From being a way to joy, it has come to act naturally a key element of the people origination of joy. The equivalent might be said of most of the incredible objects of human life:power, for instance, or acclaim; then again, actually to each of these there is a sure measure of prompt delight attached, which has in any event the similarity to being normally innate in them-a thing which can't be said of cash. All things considered, notwithstanding, the most grounded characteristic fascination, both of intensity and of notoriety, is the colossal guide they provide for the fulfillment of our different wishes; and it is the solid affiliation hence produced among them and every one of our objects of want, which provides for the immediate want of them the force it frequently accept, so as in certain characters to outperform in quality every other want. In these cases the methods have become a piece of the end, and a more significant piece of it than any of the things which they are intends t o. What was once wanted as an instrument for the fulfillment of joy, has come to be wanted for the good of its own. In being wanted for the wellbeing of its own it is, be that as it may, wanted as a major aspect of bliss. The individual is made, or figures he would be made, glad by its negligible belonging; and is made despondent by inability to acquire it. Its craving is anything but an alternate thing from the longing of bliss, anything else than the affection for music, or the craving of wellbeing. They are remembered for satisfaction. They are a portion of the components of which the craving of satisfaction is made up. Satisfaction isn't a theoretical thought, however a solid entire; and these are a portion of its parts. Also, the utilitarian standard endorses and favors their being so. Life would be a poor thing, badly gave wellsprings of bliss, if there were not this arrangement of nature, by which things initially impassive, however helpful for, or in any case connected with, the fulfillment of our crude wants, become in themselves wellsprings of delight more important than the crude joys, both in permanency, in the space of human presence that they are fit for covering, and even in force. Ethicalness, as indicated by the utilitarian origination, is a decent of this depiction. There was no unique want of it, or intention to it, spare its helpfulness to joy, and particularly to security from torment. In any case, through the affiliation subsequently shaped, it might be felt a decent in itself, and wanted as such with as extraordinary force as some other great; and with this contrast among it and the adoration for cash, of intensity, or of acclaim that these may, and frequently do, render the individual harmful to different individuals from the general public to which he has a place, though there is nothing which makes him so much a gift to them as the development of the unengaged love of excellence. What's more, therefore, the utilitarian norm, while it endures and favors those other obtained wants, up to the point past which they would be more harmful to the general joy than promotive of it, charges and requires the development of the adoration for excellence up to the best quality conceivable, as being over everything imperative to the general bliss. It results from the former contemplations, that there is in all actuality nothing wanted with the exception of joy. Whatever is wanted in any case than as a way to some end past itself, and eventually to bliss, is wanted as itself a piece of joy, and isn't wanted for itself until it has become so. The individuals who want excellence for the good of its own, want it either in light of the fact that the cognizance of it is a delight, or on the grounds that the awareness of being without it is an agony, or for the two reasons joined together; as in truth the joy and torment only here and there exist independently, yet quite often together a similar individual inclination joy in the level of righteousness achieved, and torment in not having accomplished more. In the event that one of these gave him no delight, and the other no torment, he would not love or want prudence, or would want it just for different advantages which it may deliver to himself or to people whom he thought about.

Friday, August 21, 2020

The Great Gatsby Dreams Essays - The Great Gatsby, Daisy Buchanan

The Great Gatsby Dreams The Great Gatsby ?Dreams? The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, is a novel about the American Dream. In the Great Gatsby, the fantasy is that one can get satisfaction through riches and influence. To get his joy Jay endeavors to reacquire the adoration for his lost darling, Daisy. The principle issue with Jay's fantasy is that Daisy is all prepared wedded. Gatsby's own fantasy represents the bigger American Dream ?The quest for bliss?. Jay Gatsby yearns for the past. Shockingly he commits his grown-up life attempting to recover it and passes on in its interest. Previously, Jay had an adoration illicit relationship with a youthful rich young lady, Daisy. Daisy and Jay had experienced passionate feelings for one another notwithstanding realizing that they couldn't wed in view of the distinction in their economic wellbeing. Without precedent for Jay's life he was genuinely glad. During their romance, Jay was sent off to war. After coming back from the war, Jay discovered that Daisy had hitched a well off man by the name of Tom Buchannon. Jay at that point consumes his time on earth getting riches to contact her financial guidelines, with the expectation that he can wed her and revive the satisfaction that he once had. His affection for Daisy was unthinkable in the public eye since he was at present a poverty stricken youngster without a past?he had no agreeable family remaining behind him (156). Gatsby experiences his fantasy of adoration now of his life. He realized that around then a relationship of affection was incomprehensible with Daisy because of his low social standing. Gatsby got resolved to penetrate that hole between them so as to have a caring relationship with Daisy. He reached the physical conditions important to cherish her, however he had concentrated a lot on cash and force the past five years of his life. He needed his adoration with Daisy to thrive. Shockingly, he had lost the capacity to cherish. He not, at this point had moral uprightness or the capacity to deal with a relationship. Society is frequently separated into various social gatherings by their financial status. Those of lower classes accept that their issues will leave in the event that they can increase enough riches to arrive at the privileged. Numerous individuals accept that the American Dream is this joining of the high society, and once arriving at that point, not being worried about cash by any means. The rationale behind this is being poor shields individuals from being glad, and once you become rich, you don't need to battle with the issues of life, and can in this way be cheerful. The Great Gatsby takes this conviction, and shows its imperfections through the lives of Jay, Tom and Daisy. Truth be told, the entirety of the characters in the story are influenced here and there by the lives of these three characters. Gatsby makes turning into a high society resident his need. The life of the high society thusly, makes the securing of riches their need. Riches turns into Jay's vehicle as he continued looking for his essential objective, Daisy. In Gatsby's ascent to influence profound quality is yielded so as to accomplish riches. While the story doesn't really expound concerning how Gatsby's riches was aggregated, it can without much of a stretch be seen that his undertakings were obscure, best case scenario. Gatsby's fantasy was destined to disappointment due to his absence of standards. This shows a significant blemish of the American Dream theory, much the same as the pyramid schemes of today, Jay is attempting to purchase Daisy's affection, not gain it. Scratch endeavors to disclose to Jay that his fantasy is inconsequential by saying that the past can't be remembered. Jay immediately told Nick, Yes you can, old game. This shows the certainty that Jay has in satisfying his American Dream, and his responsibility to it. Tom Buchanan, Daisy's significant other, was a man from an immensely affluent family. Scratch, depicted Tom's physical traits as having a hard mouth and a disdainful manner?arrogant eyes had built up strength over his face?always inclining forcefully forward?a remorseless body?his talking voice?added to the impression of crabbiness he passed on (11). The riches Tom has acquired makes him become egotistical and stooping to other people. Tom accepted that

Resistance to Change Essay Example for Free

Protection from Change Essay The equation expresses that, to defeat the protection from change, these three parts should all be available (disappointment, vision, and initial steps). An association must have disappointment with the present circumstance, a dream of the potential outcomes the future can bring, and feasible initial steps to arrive at the vision. â€Å"If any of the three is zero or close to zero, the item will likewise be zero or almost zero and the protection from change will dominate† (Rouda Kusy, 1995). One of the models of OD intercessions is Action Research. It follows three significant methods. In the first place, information would be gathered with respect to the present framework comparable to the goal, objective, or need of that framework. At that point, chose factors inside the framework would be adjusted dependent on the exploration. At last, the outcomes would be assessed (French Bell, 1990 refered to in Rouda Kusy, 1995). Then again, preparing and advancement (TD) is a learning procedure that includes an efficient improvement of individuals’ skill to improve the presentation of the individual and the association (Swanson, 2003; Rouda Kusy, 1996). The ideal aftereffects of TD can be grouped into four classes: response, learning, conduct or execution, and result or results. Response includes the assessment of the preparation program (e. g. , student fulfillment). Learning centers around the adjustment in the members after the preparation (e. g. , change in aptitudes, information, or mentalities). Conduct or execution is the utilization of taking in picked up from the preparation to the activity or association. At long last, results or results relate the effect of preparing on the efficiency and benefit of the association. TD is typically assessed utilizing the last two classes, I. e. , the exchange of figuring out how to the accomplishment of the association and its general effect on the association (Kirkpatrick, 1983 refered to in Rouda Kusy, 1996). For viable and proficient preparing, an arranged instructional frameworks plan (ISD) process is actualized for the appraisal, structure, advancement, execution and assessment of preparing. ISD starts with hierarchical necessities appraisal, which includes â€Å"surveying, recognizing and organizing preparing needs, dissecting the reasons for execution issues and openings, and distinguishing potential arrangements. † Needs appraisal is important to decide whether the preparation will be financially savvy and in the event that it is the suitable arrangement (Rouda Kusy, 1996). The preparation configuration ought to incorporate an examination of the learners’ attributes, where work will be performed, and the normal assignments and obligations to be performed by the students. A total survey of the topic ought to likewise be directed and the objectives and execution goals of the preparation must be set up. An arrangement to assess the preparation ought to be concocted and the instructional materials and techniques must be acquired, arranged, and pre-tried. Elements Affecting the Future Trends of HRD Practices An examination was directed by Ruona and her partners (2002) to recognize the components influencing the act of HRD and its job later on. Results demonstrated that globalization, innovation, changing association and workforce socioeconomics, and the capacity of HRD to stay aware of the adjustments in nature are the powers that impact HRD. The predominance of globalization requires HRD experts to comprehend and incorporate further intercultural rehearses in the association, instead of forcing a western view on people in different nations. The fast innovative turn of events, then again, would significantly affect learning rehearses, for example, e-learning and virtual workplaces. Hopkins and her partners (2006) included that the shortage of PC proficient workers represents a staggering test in making HRD programs, as it hampers guidance and learning process. In the mean time, as globalization and innovation brief changes in the association, the workforce socioeconomics have gotten progressively differentiated, driving the power that would alter HRD rehearses. In this way, there is a need to inspect whether current HRD practices of an association can adjust to the changing conditions in the association (Ruona, et al. , 2002). Changes in the job of HRD in future were likewise recognized. The discoveries of the investigation uncovered that learning, change and association framework, and information the board and creation are the key jobs of HRD in an association. HRD professionals distinguished learning and human advancement as the most elevated upper hand of the field. They underscored the significance of the compelling use and efficient mix of learning techniques in the association. They ask HRD to concentrate on making societies that would cultivate a domain that is genuinely helpful for learning, for example, appointing testing undertakings and actualizing reward frameworks that empower learning. The quick changes occurring in the association likewise require HRD specialists to help individuals to beat their protection from the changes. These individuals additionally should be helped with adapting up to the changes. Future patterns likewise direct that HRD must satisfy its job in making and overseeing information to forestall data over-burden (Ruona, et al. , 2002). End Akdere, M. Conceicao, S. (2006). Joining of human asset advancement and grown-up training speculations and practices: Implications for hierarchical learning. Institute of Human Resource Development International Conference Proceedings, 295-301. Columbus, Ohio De Silva, S. Human asset advancement for intensity: a need for bosses. Geneva: ILO, 1998

Friday, July 3, 2020

I Have a Dream Metaphoric Criticism - Free Essay Example

Rhetoric lies at the center of our human experience and facilitates human interaction. It consists of language (made up entirely of symbols) that ultimately allows us to construct our reality. A significant component of rhetoric is rhetorical criticism. Rhetorical criticism analyzes artifacts of communication; from images to phrases to films and speeches. It serves as a qualitative research method that strives to investigate and find an explanation for the true meaning behind these artifacts and their impact on our society. The entirety of this paper centers around the application of Metaphoric Criticism to the legendary I have a Dream speech by Dr. Martin Luther King, allowing us to surpass linguistic embellishment and acknowledge the injustice faced by the African American community. It elaborates on the context of the artifact, expands on the chosen rhetorical critic method, and significantly, showcases discoveries from applying rhetorical criticism to the artifact.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Beginning with an elaboration on the context of the chosen artifact, Martin Luther King stands as not only one of the most significant figures in American history but one of the most influential figures in the world. Fueled by the injustice surrounding segregation, African Americans began the fight for racial equality with the Civil Rights Movement. Martin Luther King, a young pastor from Atlanta, Georgia, stood at the center of this movement. His I have a Dream Speech (the most notable speech he gave throughout the course of his activism) put the Civil Rights Movement on the map. The speech was given in 1963 during the March on Washington, an event where hundreds of thousands of people gathered to advocate for freedom and jobs. After directing a nonviolent protest (the march), Dr. King took center stage at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. and began sharing his hopes and dreams for the American population. He identifies the role the Emancipatio n Proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln played in freeing the American population and highlights how the change must continue until equality has been established. While countless inspirational artifacts exist in our society, this speech, as a result of its effective incorporation of metaphors, truly exemplifies the power of rhetoric and the role it plays in moving a nation.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Now that the context of the artifact has been elaborated upon, lets discuss the chosen rhetorical criticism method. Metaphoric Criticism revolves around the use of metaphors in artifacts to convey the underlining message of the artifact. A metaphor can be defined as a figure of speech in which an action or phrase denoting a symbol is used in comparison to another as a way of illustrating meaning. There are two components to a metaphor, the tenor and the vehicle. The tenor can be described as the topic or subject that is being explained, while the vehicle is the mechanism or lens through which the topic is viewed (Foss, 285, 2018). These comparisons are nonliteral and simply suggest a similarity between the two words/phrases. To provide an example take the metaphor life is a journey. Life (the tenor) is compared to the journey (the vehicle), so as to more effectively capture the rigor and tedious nature of life. To continue with the discussion on metap hors, these forms of figurative language are linguistic embroidery that the rhetor uses only occasionally to give extra force to language (Foss, 286, 2018). Metaphors bring beauty and drama to an otherwise dry description. Often times, topics of discussion can be difficult to comprehend or difficult to mention candidly. Metaphors allow its rhetors to effectively capture these instances. The use and purpose of metaphors go far beyond being a form of decoration. Metaphors are also a constituting force by being a basic way by which the process of using symbols to construct reality occur (Foss, 287, 2018). Metaphors have the ability to shine a light of certain phenomena, while continuing to keep others hidden, paving the way to a formulation of perspective.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   With an understanding of the meaning of metaphors and the role they place in communication, lets delve deeper into metaphoric criticism. Sonja Foss highlights a four-step procedure to effectively utilizing and applying metaphoric criticism. The four-step procedure consists of selecting an artifact, analyzing the artifact, formulating a research question and writing the essay (Foss, 289, 2018). The significant aspect of this four-step procedure is the 2nd step, analyzing an artifact. Analyzing an artifact contains five essential parts: examining the artifact as a whole, isolating the metaphors, sorting the metaphors, and discovering an explanation for the artifact. Examining the artifact as a whole pertains to becoming familiar with the text or elements of the artifact and its context to gain a sense of the complete experience of the artifact (Foss, 290, 2018). Understanding the text as a whole improves understanding of the metaphors within them. The s econd step, isolating the metaphors, is as it says. It captures the process of isolating the metaphors used by the rhetor. Effectively identifying these metaphors is relevant for the next step, sorting the metaphors. This step involves sorting the metaphors you have identified into groups and looking for patterns (Foss, 293, 2018). Finding patterns leads to the creation of themes, which paves the way towards the last step of metaphoric criticism, discovering an explanation for the artifact. Also known as identifying the deeper meaning. Now that weve discussed the moving parts of Metaphoric Criticism, lets begin with the application by addressing the four components of metaphoric criticism previously discussed. We examined the artifact as a whole by elaborating on the context behind the I have a Dream speech and its significance. Lets proceed to the isolation of the metaphors within the speech itself. For the sake of comprehension and organization, the quotes highlighted will be numbered (with subscripts) for further analysis. At the beginning of the speech, MLK mentions the Emancipation Proclamation and how this momentous decree is a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice1 (King, 1963). With this metaphor, the emancipation proclamation, which serves as a tenor is compared to a beacon of hope, the vehicle. King also mentions that this sweltering summer of the Negros legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of fr eedom and equality2 (King 1963). With this metaphor, the anger of the African American community (tenor) is compared to the sweltering summer sun (vehicle) and freedom and equality (tenor) are compared to invigorating autumn (vehicle). Continuing with the isolation of metaphors from the artifact, King mentions toward the middle of the speech let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred3 (King 1963). Freedom (tenor) is compared to a draught (vehicle), while hatred (tenor) is compared to a cup of bitterness (vehicle). Other significant quotes from the artifact are the whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nations until the bright day of justice emerges4 and I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice5 (King, 1963). With the first quote, the danger that the nation will continue to face if the needs of the Civil Rights Movement are not met (the tenor) is compared to a whirlwind (vehicle). For the second quote, injustice and oppression (tenor) are compared to heat (vehicle), while freedom and justice (tenor) are compared to an oasis (vehicle). Following isolation of the metaphors, comes sorting of the metaphors. Exemplified through the highlighted quotes from the artifact, King relies heavily on weather metaphors and high and low contrasts. The theme of incorporating weather can be found in the 2nd, 4th, and 5th quotes, when he speaks of the sweltering summer, the invigorating autumn, the whirlwinds of revolt, the bright rays of justice, and the oasis of freedom. As for the high and low contrast, these can be found when King compares the whirlwinds of revolt (low) to the bright days of justice (high). It can also be found in his juxtaposition between the sweltering summer and the invigorating autumn (the 2nd quote). Another significant theme within Kings I have a Dream speech is the notion of love and brotherhood. Despite the injustice, the African American community continued to face and despite their efforts for equality being dismissed, King continues to stand by non-violent revolt and dispels anger and hatred. This is evident in the 3rd quote when he speaks of how the thirst (desire) for freedom and equality shouldnt be satisfied with bitterness and hatred. Its also evident when he argues we must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. He continues, we must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again, and again, we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force (King, 1963). Even after personally experiencing the detrimental effects of racism and inequality, love stands at the center of his heart and he urges for it to stand at the center of the Civil Rights Movement. Weve isolated significant quotes from the artifact and sorted them through the creation of themes, so what does this analysis reveal about the artifact in particular and about the rhetorical process in general? Through metaphoric criticism, weve been able to gain a more profound insight into the intentions of Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights Movement. Upon initial recognition, many viewed the intentions of MLK and the Civil Rights Movements as advocacy for the black perspective and moreover that their desires were driven by pain and hatred with no regard for how their actions could negatively impact the population at large. In addition to this, many (those around the world and in the United States) remained completely unaware of the struggles faced by the African American population. They believed the Emancipation Proclamation was sufficient and that through segregation (separate but equal) the circumstances of the black man had improved. MLKs I Have a Dream speech addressed t hese misconceptions. As revealed through Metaphoric Criticism, the metaphors embedded in his speech exemplified the true nature of the Civil Rights Movement and their true intentions. As previously mentioned in the 3rd and 6th quote (introduced above), King dismissed desires of hatred and bitterness and pushed for individuals to act with kindness and love. He encouraged the African American population and the world in general that violence, pain, and damage should be welcomed with dignity, discipline, and compassion. As for awareness regarding the struggles faced by the African American community, the metaphors within Kings I Have a Dream speech shines a light to its full extent. Lets take as an example the 2nd quote where King says this sweltering summer of the Negros legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality (King, 1963). As previously mentioned, the I Have a Dream speech was given in Washington D.C. Anyone who has spent a summer in the south or a nywhere, in general, know its accompanied by frustration, a sense of suffering, misery, and significantly, a longing for relief. Theres difficulty in understanding struggles faced by those outside your community. Metaphors such as the one mentioned above (and just about everywhere in the artifact), not only enable those outside the African American community to understand the extent of their struggle, but it allows them to relate to it, and become advocates for change. As exemplified through metaphoric criticism of Dr. Martin Luther Kings I Have a Dream speech, metaphors are far more than forms of figurative language. The metaphors highlighted in Kings speech drew on themes such as nature, brotherhood, compassion, and high/low juxtapositions. They made the American population and the world knowledgeable on the intentions of the black community, as well as the extent of their struggles. Metaphors and metaphoric criticism are means of exemplifying intentions, perspectives, and truth that would otherwise remain silent and submerged. They capture the power of rhetoric on the human experience and its ability to shape our reality. Through specific, purposeful, persuasive, and metaphoric communication, Kings speech propelled the American Civil Rights Movement and began the establishment of change and equality for all.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Effect of Music on Memory Retrieval - 3944 Words

EFFECT OF MUSIC ON MEMORY RETRIEVAL THESIS STATEMENT: INTRODUCTION CHAPTER I. DEFINITION OF TERMS A. DICTIONARY DEFINITION B. OPERATIONAL DEFINITON II. WHAT IS MUSIC ON MEMORY RETRIEVAL. III. HOW CAN MUSIC AFFECT YOUR LIFE A. THEORIES OF FORGETTING B. MEMORY AND RELATED FINDINGS C. MUSIC AND RELATED STUDIES IV. HISTORY OF MUSIC V .ADVANTAGE AND DISADVANTAGE VI. EFFECT OF MUSIC ON MEMORY RETRIEVAL IN YOUR LIFE CONCLUSIONS BIBLIOGRAPHY ALIBASHER ABUBACAR IV-C MSU-ILS JANUARY 3, 2011 EFFECT OF MUSIC ON MEMORY RETRIEVAL Culture, past and present, varying wildly between times and places ENGLISH IV MS. SALMA M. MACARAMBON Dedication To Her who is able to keep me from falling and to present me†¦show more content†¦Psychological study of music is based on this reason. Studies have found that music can reduce stress, aid relaxation, alleviate depression, and help store and recall information among other functions. William Congreve once stated that music has the charms to soothe the savage beast. Stress is reduced through music by decreasing the amount of the hormone cortisone released in the body. This can be applied to everyday life for stress relief (Music and Stress, 1998). Music therapy is a new intervention that uses music and musical activities for the purposes of altering behavior and enhancing the everyday existence of people with various types of emotional disturbance. People have been using forms of music therapy since the earliest recorded history. Egyptian priests spoke incantations that supposedly influenced women`s fertility. Hebrews and Greeks treated physical and mental illness with the playing of music. Zenocrates, Sarpander, and Arien, all of whom were Greeks, were the first to use music therapy as a regular practice. They employed harp music to ease the outbursts of people with mental illnesses (Shapiro, 1969). Nursing homes often hire music therapists. People are likely to feel depressed and grief-stricken when moved away from their homes and families into a facility for strangers to take care of them. Music therapy helps to relieve grief and improve emotional tones and feelings (Shapiro, 1969). Therapists can also help residents that suffer fromShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Cocaine On The Brain1130 Words   |  5 Pagesinvolved. George et al. (2008) wanted to explore the long lasting effects of self-administered cocaine on the prefrontal cortex of rats. They were observed when given extended (6 hours per session) and limited (1 hour per session) access to the cocaine. After the last administration of the drug the rats were given the task of completing a simple maze they had been conditioned to complete. 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