Friday, December 27, 2019
Leader Integrity Leadership integrity is incredibly valuable to solidity of our society. First of all, I must give the definition of a leader. A leader is a person who leads or commands a group, organization, or country. This is only what the dictionary defines one as, which is very vague. I would have to define a leader, whether good or bad, as someone in charge or takes the responsibility for a group of individuals or equipment. It matters not if this person does this correctly. Someone can be bad or good, but they are still a leader. Integrity is defined as the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles or a moral uprightness. If I were to look at our society, you can find many examples where leaders either failed or succeeded in maintaining their integrity. If I had to put my own definition on integrity, it wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have anything to do with right or wrong, but just having a consistency in how one person is to conduct themselves. Most recently, we have seen a FIFA scandal in which leadership had been leadership had conspired to receive bribes from marketing firms in exchange for exclusive television contracts. In the eyes of the world, FIFA is expected to maintain system free of corruption. Without integrity, certain people, nations, or organizations would receive favoritism or negative effects. I am only writing what I can find on the matter, without stating whether or not the party is guilty or innocent. Last year, after several years as aShow MoreRelatedIntegrity Of The Field Of Engineering1307 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntegrity is a trait important in and outside of the field of engineering. While it can refer to a state of being sound, or strong, such as in construction, it also refers to being sound and whole as a person. Integrity has to do with the quality of execution of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s moral and ethical codes, and largely to do with their power of leadership. With integrity a person can ensure their success in both their personal and work lives, and also ensure public safety in the practice of civil engineering. Read MoreCompanies Are Impacted By Competition Through The Price Of Their Resources929 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesprogram I have learned that society often believes that the words business and ethics do not belong in the same sentence. History has proven that we are making a valiant effort to change that way of thinking. For instance, if we look back at how some of the biggest c ases in America that dealt with ethical business practices, we can see that America is taking a stand against unethical behavior in business. Organizations such as Enron, has single-handedly destroyed our faith in ethical business practicesRead MorePersonal Leadership Model Essay609 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesRunning head: PERSONAL MODEL OF LEADERSHIP Personal Model of Leadership Natasha Velez Grand Canyon University PSC-410 Servant Leadership August 30, 2010 Personal Leadership Model In order to respond to society and the world it must begin with a decision to act in the true sense of the word leadership. There is no right or wrong model of leadership and to make a better world, society needs a variety of leadership models in place. In other words, leadership doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to be a formal, exaltedRead MoreLeadership Styles And Theories Of Leadership1386 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLeadership is known as the process of guiding groups, individuals and an organization in the establishment of goals as well as sustaining those goals. The concept of leadership incorporates a diversity of clarifications, leadership styles and theories. While looking at the leaders around us no matter if itÃ¢â¬â¢s our president or place of employment, we often find ourselves questioning exactly why these individuals shine in these positions. This essay will detail my leadership in relations of the transformationalRead MoreLegacy Of Abraham Lincoln s Legacy Essay1582 Words Ã |Ã 7 P agesAbraham Lincoln A legacy leader is someone who has left a positive and lasting impression in society due to his or her leadership qualities and/or traits. Abraham Lincoln is a prime example of a legacy leader due to the leadership traits he displayed throughout his presidency. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States. He exhibited great leadership qualities such as integrity, duty, and selfless service. Abraham LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s Emancipation Proclamation and his decisive actionsRead MoreLeadership Is About Keeping Your Team Focused On A Common1432 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Leadership is about keeping your team focused on a common goal and motivated to do their best to achieve it. Effective leadership is about laying the groundwork for othersÃ¢â¬â¢ success and then standing back and letting them be admired. I selected case study 26 Ã¢â¬â Surgical Need or Greed. I chose this case study because if it relates to an important topic that I care dearly about. The case study focuses on quality and patient safety. The main points chosen to focus on for this assignment are qualityRead MoreLeadership Essential Seminar Summary832 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages The seminar Ã¢â¬Å"Leadership EssentialÃ¢â¬ hosted by our speaker Julio Melara started with the explanation of the fundamentals, the three areas that would define our life: Stewardship, Relationships and Leaderships. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Stewardship means faithfulness, how do we oversee duties, and how we conduct our affairs. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Relationships are the most important and include growing, developing and cultivating long-term relationships. Communication was explained in detailed as being the most important part of relationshipsRead MoreThe Numbers Are Stark. Despite WomenÃ¢â¬â¢S Impressive Gains1557 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe numbers are stark. Despite womenÃ¢â¬â¢s impressive gains in education and the workplace over the past 50 years, men greatly outnumber women in leadership, especially in top positions. From corporate boardrooms to the halls of Congress, from universities to the courts, from religious institutions to philanthropic organizations, men are simply much more likely than women to be leaders. This topic has captured the attention of the nation. Many thousands of books and articles offer theories about theRead MoreCorporate Leaders Are Responsible for Organizational Ethics1098 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages(1) It is important that an organization have values. And the role of any leader should be to establish and enforce these values. Corporate Leaders are responsible for organizational ethics. In Sims Brinkman (2002), according to a report from the Business Roundtable, leadership is crucial to organizational ethics and to achieve these results the CEO and other leaders need to be openly and strongly committed to ethical conduct. They do this by giving constant leadership and renewing the valuesRead MorePersonal Reflection Of Leadership706 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesLeadership Leadership is an essential part of society that is applied in our daily real-life situations. From what I have learned in this course, it is my understanding that leaders are constantly sought after, and leadership is an important service. People in society are constantly searching for attributes that make good leaders and looking for methods of making more effective leaders. This is because leadership is not only applied in our professional lives, but also in our social and personal
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Unit 2 Assignment A child develops through its whole life. They can develop; physically, linguistically, intellectually, socially and behaviourally. Ã¢â¬Å"Physical development is the way in which the body increases in skill and becomes more complex in its performanceÃ¢â¬ [Meggitt, 2000, Page 2]. Twenty five days after conception; the body of the chid has developed immensely from the small fertilised egg. Up to birth the foetus mainly develops physically however once the child is born the child then begins the long process of development. Not only do the gross motor skills and the fine motor skills develop on the baby, but the sensory development also widens on the child. Birth to 12 months Motor control develops from the head, moves down throughÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Their speech extends to the holophrastic stage and often this is supported by gestures. They will also be able to recognise their own name and will be most likely be able to pronounce it. 24 months-35 months Between the ages of 2 and 3, balance improves and the toddler walks with a smoother gait. During this period she learns to stand briefly on one foot, walk backwards, and walk on tiptoes. A child jumps in place around 24 months and progresses to jumping over a small obstacle by 36 months. At 24 months she climbs a small ladder and goes down a small slide, then manoeuvres on a variety of playground equipment around 35 months. Between 30 and 34 months, toddlers begin to walk up stairs alternating feet without a hand held or use of a railing. Other play skills expected within a few months of the third birthday are catching a playground ball that has been tossed to the child and pedalling a tricycle. At the age of 2 their language develops to the telegraphic stage meaning their speech is similar to telegrams, approximately two or three words which express a need or command. At 2 the child will often ask many questions to extend their vocabulary further, such as Ã¢â¬ËwhatÃ¢â¬â¢s that?Ã ¢â¬â¢ They will share songs and rhymes however will be unsure of some words. This changes at the age of 30 months when the child will be able to say some nursery rhymes with little support and will begin to speak to themselves (monologues) through play. Between three to seven years a child changesShow MoreRelatedCache Childcare Level 2 Unit 3 Assignment4008 Words Ã |Ã 17 Pageschildren is allowing them to express themselves and make their own decisions. There are many ways in which you can help empower a child but there are two ways in which I find are effective. These are, 1, circle time in which children express themselves and 2 outdoor play which introduces challenge and risk assessment. Circle Time Ã¢â¬Å"Circle time boosts interpersonal skills, strengthens relationships and enhances self confidence whilst allowing the class and itÃ¢â¬â¢s teacher to have fun together.Ã¢â¬ (news.bbc.coRead MoreLearning and Social Care Essay examples30870 Words Ã |Ã 124 PagesCACHE Qualification Specification CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Children and Young PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Workforce (QCF) CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Children and Young PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Workforce (QCF) CACHE Ã © Copyright 2011 All rights reserved worldwide. Ã Reproduction by approved CACHE centres is permissible for internal use under the following conditions: CACHE has provided this Qualification Specification in Microsoft Word format to enable its Centres to use its content more flexibly within their ownRead MoreKeeping Children Safe5388 Words Ã |Ã 22 PagesUnit 4 Assignment Keeping children safe E1 Identify legislation which influences healthy, safe and secure environments for early years settings And D1 Explain how the 5 pieces of legislation in E1 establish and maintain healthy, safe and secure environments Five main laws that underpin the provision of health, safe and secure environments for young children are: Health and Safety At Work Act 1974 Under the act 1974, both employers and employees have duties. Employers must produce a written policyRead MoreCashe Level 2 Essay example18123 Words Ã |Ã 73 PagesCACHE Qualification Specification CACHE Level 2 Certificate for the Children and Young PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Workforce (QCF) CACHE Level 2 Certificate for the Children and Young PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Workforce (QCF) Ã © CACHE 2011 Except as allowed by law, or where specified in the text, no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior permission from the Council for Awards in Care, Health and Education. CACHE has provided this Qualification Specification in MicrosoftRead MoreLevel 5 Unit 13587 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ ASSIGNMENT CRITERIA TEMPLATE CACHE Level 5 Diploma in Leadership for Health and Social Care and Children and Young PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Services (England) Unit SHC 52: Promote professional development CandidateÃ¢â¬â¢s Name: Registration number: The purpose of this unit is to assess the learnerÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge, understanding and skills required to promote the professional duty to maintain the currency of knowledge and skills and the need to continually reflectRead MoreMarketing Management 14th Edition Test Bank Kotler Test Bank173911 Words Ã |Ã 696 Pagesorganizations. Answer: B Page Ref: 4 Objective: 1 Difficulty: Easy 2) ________ is the art and science of choosing target markets and getting, keeping, and growing customers through creating, delivering, and communicating superior customer value. A) Marketing management B) Knowledge management C) Operations management D) Strategic management E) Distribution management Answer: A Page Ref: 5 Objective: 2 Difficulty: Easy 3) Identify the correct statement about marketing management. A) It
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Influence of Culture on Consumer Impulsive. Answer: Introduction: Compulsive shopping by consumers is a shopping behavior that is related to impulsive buying. It is a clinical scenario that has been pointed out by marketers regarding description of the consumer culture in the buying pattern of them. This leads to pathological buying. It can lead to severe impulsive control disorders that lead to compulsive shopping. The article discusses about the items that people buy at the time of compulsive shopping are art, jewelry, books, computer equipment, books, craft, make up, clothes, etc. Moreover, it can be said that usually compulsive shoppers compare their experience of shopping to an addiction. It is found that this attribute can be outlined by interpersonal problems like divorce and marital conflict, social difficulties like isolation, legal consequences like bankruptcy, etc (Hartston Koran, 2002). The article illustrates that impulse buying in United States has resulted in huge increase of sales volume. Consumers across the world can get access to impulse buying with the growth of e-commerce section and with the increase of orientation of consumers in many societies. However, there is an influence of culture regarding the rate of impulse buying in western societies and in non-western societies. The cultural factors that create an impact on the minds of the customers related to impulse buying behavior are normative influences, self-identity, suppression of emotion, postponement of different instant gratification. The article describes impulse buying as a rapid decision making process of the consumer with a subjective bias along with more irresistible buying when compared to a planned purchasing of things (Kacen Lee, 2002). This article focuses on the impulse buying impact on the post-impulsive buying behavior of the consumers who are associated with the impulse buying. Research have shown that the consumers of impulse buying have the mixed emotions when considered as the satisfaction of shopping in regular intervals. It can be said that there are several factors that increase the possibility of impulse buying among the minds of the shoppers. The factors are evolving consumption concept, networking shopping, societal and economical developments. It leads to positive post impulsive buying of things of goods (Li, 2015). Impulsive buying is responsible for creating a good proportion of sales to the companies not only in United States but also in other countries of the world. References Hartston, H. J., Koran, L. M. (2002). Impulsive behavior in a consumer culture.International journal of psychiatry in clinical practice,6(2), 65-68. Kacen, J. J., Lee, J. A. (2002). The influence of culture on consumer impulsive buying behavior.Journal of consumer psychology,12(2), 163-176. Li, Y. (2015). Impact of impulsive buying behavior on postimpulsive buying satisfaction.Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal,43(2), 339-351.
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
1. What contribution do small and medium scale enterprises give to our country? Small and medium business enterprises contribute much to the economy of towns and municipalities, and ultimately, that of the country. 2. What other programs does our government undertake to support entrepreneurship? The government provides assistance programs that loan capital to entrepreneurs, training programs on business skills and process, and offers other privileges within the bound of law, to small and medium business entrepreneurs. 3. What government agencies provide assistance to entrepreneurs? DTI (Department of Trade and Industries) -prepares a training program after a thorough evaluation of demands as curtained through the training needs analysis. DOLE (Department of labor and employment -work experience opportunities that assist people to engage with their community and the workplace. NGO (Non-governmental organization) -NGO activities-include, but are not limited to, environmental, social, advocacy and human rights work. They can work to promote social or political change on a broad scale or very locally. We will write a custom essay sample on Ojt Experience Narrative or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page NGOs play a critical part in developing society, improving communities, and promoting citizen participation. NEDA (National economic development administration) they are the 4. What type of skills and training are conducted by the municipality? -They give seminar to the entrepreneurs and train them how to manage their business. They also have a program like loans to be the capital of their business, and they teach them how to face the problems in their business and they teach them how to be a risk taker. 5. What are the provisions of Ã¢â¬Å"kalakalan 20Ã¢â¬ ?
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
What Do Frank and Rita Learn from Each Other Paper I think education is a part of life that everybody goes through. Its how the world gains knowledge and everybody deserves to have a proper education, which involves going to a school and learning different subjects in a classroom with a teacher. My view of education does seem to differ to Russells definition. His definition of education seems to be a way to differentiate the social classes of the world. A chance for the posh people to show how superior they are to the lower class. He is implying that anyone that is poor cannot have had an education. This does seem to be true according to the play but maybe Russell was not picturing reality when he wrote Educating Rita. His definition of education is not apparent in the reality that I live in so I cannot identify with him. To me, education is and always will be the gaining of knowledge, being taught and finding out about life. Our first impressions of Frank are rather negative, it is clear that he has a drinking problem and is obviously dissatisfied with his life. We learn from him that he is divorced and his present relationship is not an idealistic one. We will write a custom essay sample on What Do Frank and Rita Learn from Each Other specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on What Do Frank and Rita Learn from Each Other specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on What Do Frank and Rita Learn from Each Other specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer He is quite disrespectful and longs to have more free time to sit in the pub and drink. Examples of these are things like, Strange hours for this Open University thing. They expect us to teach when the pubs are open. (1. i) Jubilantly he moves to the Dickens section and pulls out a pile of books to reveal a bottle of whisky (1. i) These examples show how he relies on his drinking and would rather be at the pub than anything else. Our first impressions of Rita differ quite significantly to those of Frank; her use of language is coarse and does not have the ability to express literary concepts on anything but a basic level. Things that dont really matter like wearing the right types of clothing and the right type of wine preoccupy her. Thats a nice picture Its very erotic Theres no suppose about it. Look at those tits. (1. i) Ritas language here shows how direct and naive she is. Most people would not come straight out and say something like that but she does not see the vulgarity of the way she speaks. At first Frank does not want to teach Rita, he tries to stop her from coming to him for tutoring. Go back to what you do like and stop wasting my time. You go out and buy yourself a new dress and Ill go to the pub. (1. ii) This proves how Frank sees Rita as a waste of time and does not want to teach her. Rita has exactly the opposite reaction to Frank, when he tries get rid of her she becomes adamant about the fact the he is her tutor. This is because she likes him and what he does; she feels she can learn a great deal from him because of the social class he is in. She also does genuinely like him for his personality, which makes here even more determined to stay. Wait a minute, listen to me. Listen: Im on this course, you are my teacher an youre gonna bleedin well teach me Youre my tutor. I dont want another tutor. (1. ii) She is not going to leave him because she definitely wants him as a tutor. The first major learning point for Frank is accepting Rita and finding out that there is more to life then literature and poetry and his mind is opened by Rita and becomes less of a literary snob. He also later on tried to dissuade Rita from becoming so literate in what she has learned because Frank sees it as a turn for the worst for her. Rita also begins to learn things from Frank; the first major learning point she took was that to be able to get the education she wants she needs to change her colloquial dialect to a more formal language. This helps her become able to stress her point within an essay, by impressing an examiner rather than using a vulgar language. F: No, Erm assonance. Well, its a form of rhyme. Whats a whats an example erm -? Do you know Yeats? R: The wine lodge? F: Yeats the poet. (1. i) R: It was crap. F: What? R: I thought it was crap! F: Crap? And who are you citing in support of your thesis, F. R. Leavis? R: No. Me! F: What have I just said? Me is subjective. (1. ii) Along the way Frank and Rita learn a lot more from each other. The next point Frank learns is that education can quash a person. He realises or thinks that if Rita is successful in learning everything (which is what she wanted in the beginning) then it will spoil what is so special about Rita. For instance the way she just comes out with things, says what is exactly on her mind, she will start to say less about what she thinks, try and make it into a more posh point of view. Frank may even be scared that Rita will become a literary snob like he was in the beginning. F: (appealingly) Rita, stop it! R: But Frank, I have to persevere in order that I shall. F: Rita! Just be yourself. R: I am being myself. (2. ii) Rita is also learning along with Frank. But she learns that to cope with having an education and being exposed to all these literate, upper class people she needs to change the way she talks, in accent and the vocabulary she uses. Although this may not actually be correct, she does learn it and perseveres with changing the way she dresses. She feels she no longer fits in with the people around her and quits her job, because the conversation lacks somewhat in education. She feels she needs to change the people that are around her and then try to fit in with the new people she has become acquainted to. R: Thats why I couldnt stand being in a hairdressers any longer; boring irrelevant detail all the time, on and on Well, Im sorry but Ive had enough of that. I dont wanna talk about irrelevant rubbish anymore. F: And what do you talk about in your bistro? R: Everything We talk about whats important, Frank, and we leave out the boring details for those who want them (2. iv) Frank has learned a lot from Rita throughout this play, and I think the most important point he has learned is, it doesnt matter who you are or where you live, everybody deserves an education, and it can change you for the worst. It doesnt make you a better person or more superior to anyone else, you are just the same apart from having a larger vocabulary. In the end, everyone comes down to the same thing, has the same needs and longs for the same things! F: Oh Ive done a fine job on you havent I This this clever, pyrotechnical pile of self-conscious allusion is worthless, talentless, shit and could be recognized as such by anyone with a shred of common sense Oh, I dont expect you to believe me, Rita; you recognize the hallmark of literature now, dont you? I think that the most important point that Rita learned in this play is that you have a choice in life. You dont have to be stuck in somewhere you dont want to be. You can change your life to how you want it to be. Although it might not be what you expect, it ends up how you wanted it to be and that is your own choice. R: It might be worthless in the end. But I had a choice. I chose, me. Because of what youd given me. I had a choice. (2. vii) I do think that Frank and Rita benefit from having a relationship with each other. They both open their eyes to how they each live, and learn to accept things that has contradicted points that they thought were true their whole life. Frank manages to stop drinking, nearly and Rita is where she wants to be in life. They helped each other get to that stage and although Frank still relies on Rita to be there she does not actually need him anymore. A final benefit that Frank receives is quite comical; a haircut. This is great because it finishes off the play with a light note. I think that Russell is trying to show that in his play Frank and Rita learn exactly the same thing, people are all the same, and most of the things you know will end up being useless and empty. They both learn this in a different way. Rita becomes educated, and learns that it is not up to what it is made out to be and Frank learns this by meeting Rita, the lower class girl. If you base your life around literature completely you will end up being a very dull person with an empty life.
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Change of Meanings Essays Change of Meanings Essay Change of Meanings Essay Meaning of words I read the essay, Ã¢â¬Å"How Dictionaries Are MadeÃ¢â¬ by S. I. Hayakawa. In it, he explains that how editors write a meaning to a word after examine many literatures. Also, he talks about how meanings of many words have changed during different centuries. I decided to see if he was right so I looked up three words and how their meanings have changed. First, I looked into the word, Ã¢â¬Å"flavorÃ¢â¬ . I found that around year 1300 to 1350, flavor was origins to word fetor which means an offensive smell. In Latin, it was called flatus, and it meant to blow or to breathe. Soon the word became flator in Latin. The word Flavor was first spelled in middle French and they spelled it flaour. Then the word was introduced in Middle English and they spelled flavor and the meaning of the word changed to taste of something as it is in mouth. In British flavor is spelled as flavour. Second, I looked into the word, Ã¢â¬Å"choiceÃ¢â¬ . I found that around 1250 to 1300, it was origins to word choose. In old French it was derivative of choisir, and it meant to perceive. Later in time, in Middle English, it was called chois. And later on, it was changed to choice, and the meaning of it changed to carefully chosen. Last, I looked into word Ã¢â¬Å"SucceedÃ¢â¬ . In early 1325 century, in Latin it was known as succedere, and it meant to go under, follow, and prosper. In 1350, in Middle English, they called it succeden, and it meant to follow. In Late 14centruy, Middle English changed it succeed and the meaning was changed to go near to, next to and come after. In late 15 century, the word succeed meaning was changed to Ã¢â¬Å"turn out wellÃ¢â¬ , and itÃ¢â¬â¢s been same ever since. In conclusion, S. I. Hayakawa was right about the changing the meanings of words. He taught me how words have meant a lot to us and how itÃ¢â¬â¢s been changing ever since it exist.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Qualitative - Research Paper Example In such context, time has come to shed light on different fundamental aspects of qualitative research in order to highlight its importance among business researchers. Hence, in this research paper, the researcher will try to highlight fundamental concept behind qualitative research and also will criticize the research methodology. Conceptual Base Research scholars such as Saunders, Lewis and Thornhil (2007 and 2009), Creswell (2009) and Gray (2009) pointed out that it is very difficult to decipher the meaning of the term Ã¢â¬Å"qualitative researchÃ¢â¬ due to the fact that the meaning of the term relatively varies from stakeholder to stakeholder. Creswell (2009) stated that qualitative research is better for addressing social contextual or philosophical problems while Gray (2009) argued that interpretation of a particular phenomenon can be given by qualitative research. ... Qualitative research is composed of following concepts; Qualitative research deals with experience, opinion of individuals and in most of the cases, these opinions are subjective in nature. Qualitative research never tries to manipulate the occurrence of social phenomenon and research elements are allowed to behave in natural environment. Qualitative research tries to account all the research variables rather trying to collect data from small samples. Qualitative research is used in order to develop new theories which can help individuals to understand the social world hence qualitative research methods are inductive in nature. One to one contact with respondents is primary criteria for data collection in qualitative manner and researcher has to meet each respondent personally in order to conduct interviews, focus group interviews etc. Ontological perspectives of respondents are better served with qualitative research or it can be said that researchers got the chance to know the pers onal thinking of the respondents while doing qualitative research (Bryman & Bell, 2003; Davies, 2007). Condition for Qualitative Research It is evident from the research works of Robson (2011) and Sekaran & Bougie (2009) that selection of qualitative research method depends on the nature of the research problems. A research problem has to posses following criterions in order to be qualified as qualitative research problem. Table 1: Criteria for Selection of Qualitative Research Subjective The research problem can only be understood by going through the personal opinion of each respondent. For example: Role of technology in your life. Holistic The research problem cannot be addressed without considering effect of all the social variables. For example: Role of a
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
E-Business Final - Essay Example The layout or web design of any website plays an important role in the success of e-business. Websites should be user-friendly, well designed, attractive, easy to navigate and search-engine friendly. Qatar Airways have considered all these features in their website. Business to business transactions helps in building new and strong relationships with other companies worldwide. They are reducing the costs and providing best services with the help of their Oracle ERP project and partnership with other airlines, hotels, travel agents and car rental services. For Qatar Airways ethical issues are very important. It is part of their ethics to take care of confidentiality and security issues of customers and to provide the information that does not hurt the emotions of their global customers. Qatar Airways, an airline company, was established on November 22, 1993 and it formally started its operations from January 20, 1994. It is one of the most competitive and fastest growing airlines in the world. In the span of thirteen years, QA has achieved tremendous growth by serving 100 destinations worldwide (Middle East Aviation, n.d.). Due to the advancement in Information and communication technologies, companies are now using latest technologies to remain competitive (Beheshti & Sangari, 2006). Click and mortar model is employed by the Qatar Airways. According to this model company sells through internet as well as through the traditional ways of selling. Qatar airlines have commenced an extensive Oracle ERP system to link or centralize different departments. Although, it is a costly plan but it will help in increasing the efficiency in the long run. Qatar Airways is reducing its expenses by providing many online services. These include Online Booking, Online Time Table, Online Route Map, Flight Status Information, Information via SMS, Online check-in, SMS check-in, Phone check-in,
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Review of Emirates Airlines and Qatar Airway - Essay Example The success has been witnessed in participating in joint services with other airline companies like Middle East Airlines and United Airlines, to limit competition and boost success to the destinations that experience its services. The Middle East Company has been listed as a leading competitor with a strong foundation in Asia and the global continents. Emirates Airlines, conversely, had been established in 1985 to offer airline services. The company has since been considered the overall carrier in Dubai and United Arab Emirates having established its base at Dubai International Airport. Emirates has been based on the ideology of expansion and extending services to clients on the global scene. The company has been presented with the capability of holding the largest capacity of passengers and extended services. The airline operates an enormous fleet of Boeing airplanes, with the set of Airbus to place the services offered as the leading purchaser of the Airbus A380. Moreover, the airl ine boasts of offering the Sky Cargo services to over 15 international countries with diverse destinations. The ownership of the company has been the Dubai Government with connections in all of the global continents possessing ownership to over 103 areas. ... ed by the government of Dubai, has been operating for 23 years while Qatar Airways has been in business for 18 years and is owned by the government of Qatar. The emirates began its life in 1985 with a single aircraft. However, it has grown to be among the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading international airline. It has reinforced Dubai as one of the most important aviation hubs (Cumming, 2007:67). The Qatar airways on the other hand began in 1993. A royal family in the country initially owned it. However, it was re-launched in 1997 under a new management. The government of the country currently holds more than 50% of the total investment. Private investors hold the rest of the shares. Political The political scene within the Middle East region has been favorable due to agreements among countries, which facilitate trade amongst them especially in the aviation industry. These agreements provide ready markets for both airlines. However, both companies were affected by the recent uprising in several Middle Eastern countries, which resulted in the closure of several airports leading to loss of business. Political influences of the specific countries have influence to the operation of the airlines. In Dubai for instance, politics have ridden the government owned emirates airline to a fully global power (Plunkett, 2006:432). The basic aim of this is to make the competitors growth projections not clinch to their desired height. This influence has made the customers of the emirates to rise from barely 8 million in 1996 to almost 29 million ten years later. This forms the most impressive sustained growth the company has ever made. The Qatar aviation is the most dynamic in the region. It is taking sponsorship over the political influence of the country placing it among the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s fastest
Friday, November 15, 2019
Geographic Major and Minor Faults of Pakistan Introduction: Pakistan is geographically situated in such a way that it consist of parts of two major and one minor plate namely Indian plate Eurasian plate Arabian plate Here Indian and Eurasian plates are major plates while Arabian plate is a minor plate which lies in the southern most side of Pakistan, while Indian plate is present on the eastern part and Eurasian plate includes the north western part of Pakistan. Therefore triple junction point is located within Pakistan (a point where three plate boundaries meet). Pakistan is a host of several minor and five major faults which runs across it they are due to the previous tectonic events which occurred in this zone the major and most important event which resulted in the formation of the five major faults and is perhaps the reason of minor faults and is sill affecting the geology and tectonics of Pakistan is the famous Himalayan orogeny which itself formed as a result of Indian and Eurasian plate collision in about 20 million years ago because of the continental Ã¢â¬â continental collision . Basically Indian plate which was situated within the Australian plate in gondwanaland and started moving towards north in a counter clockwise direction Neo Tethys Ocean was present between Eurasian and Indian plate a segment of this ocean started subducting beneath the Tethys ocean on its either sides/boundaries creating intra-oceanic island arcs due to the northward movement of Indian plate this arc collided with the southern Eurasia forming the continental-magmatic arc suture zone because of this collision folding thrusting occurred forming two major blocks Karakorum block and the kohistan ladakh arc (KIA) separated by MKT Main Karakorum Thrust. During the same time period rest of the Tethys ocean subducted beneath the Eurasian plate which afterwards caused the collision of Indian and Eurasian plate forming Himalayas this again resulted in the formation of thrust faults and fold the first major thrust fault which was formed here was the MCT (its branch in Pakistan is called MMT) th is was north wards dipping later on after its formation stresses shifted southwards and another active fault called MBT (Main Boundary Thrust) was formed by the under thrusting of rocks beneath the MCT, Later on stresses shifted further southwards leading to the formation of SRT. Major Faults of Pakistan Major Faults of Pakistan are as follows:- The Main Karakoram Thrust Fault(MKT) The Main Mantle Thrust Fault(MMT) The Main Central Thrust Fault(MCT) Salt Range Thrust Fault(SRT) The Main Boundry Thrust(MBT) Chamman Transform Fault(CTF) The Main Karakoram Thrust Fault (MKT):- The main Karakorum thrust fault was formed in cretaceous period (Coward et al. 1986) in the result of the collision between Kohistan Ladakh Arc and the Karakoram block about 70-100mya. Later on it was declared as a North Suture (Pudsey et al. 1985.) The Main Mantle Thrust Fault:- It is a regional thrust that is dipping in the north direction and it seperates the Indian plate from the Kohistan Island Arc. Area covered by MMT is 400 sq. km approximately and passes through the districts of Diyamir, Kohistan, Swat, Dir and Bajaur with a total length of 420 miles. It is extended from the region of Khar (Bajaur Agency) in west to the region of Naran in the east. Composition of MMT is more than 15 km thick Proterozoic gneisses and schists (Madin, 1986). The Main Central Thrust (MCT):- Ã¢â¬Å"TheÃ Main Central ThrustÃ is a thrust fault which is dipping in a north direction and covers about an area of 2200km along the Himalayan mountain range. This thrust fault was first described by Heim and Gansser (1939) when they noted a contact between terrigenous carbonate rocks and thick overlying metamorphic rocks, mica schists and gneiss (Sinha 1987). It marks the boundary between the higher and lesser Himalayan mountains. It is a longitudinal thrust fault, and in many places is marked by a several kilometer thick zone of deformed rocks with varying degrees of shearing and imbrication (Sorkhabi 1999). Mylonitization and retrograde metamorphic assemblages also occur here. The MCT is the actual suture between Gondwanaland (India) and the Proto-Tehtys microcontinent to the north (Spikantia 1987). Movement along the fault has brought crystalline rock from the Higher Himalayan zone on top of Lesser Paleozoic sediments in the form of klippen in synclines (Windley 1995). These units are called the Outer Crystallines, as noted above on the map. Outer crystalline rocks, garnet and kyanite-bearing, were exposed by slip along the MCT followed by uplift and erosion of 10km of overlying rock (Molnar 1986).Ã¢â¬ The Main Boundary Thrust (MBT):- The Main Boundary Thrust is a different and paramount tectonic peculiarity along the whole Himalayan Belt. The MBT circles around the Hazara syntaxial zone. It speaks to the real zone of late disfigurement and the biggest seismic tremors. The MBT extends from the Afghan outskirt, and can be followed about constantly to the Assam through Eastern India. It is the absolute most strong tremor source in the Himalayas. Islamabadrawalpindi region is spotted at a nearby separation south of the western appendage of the MBT. MBT and MMT are for the most part considered to have distinctive sections while ascertaining the related seismic danger. The hanging wall of MBT carries the pre-collisional Paleozoic and Mesozoic sedimentary and metasedimentary rocks of the Northern Deformed Fold and Thrust Belt and post collisional folded Miocene foreland basin deposits in its footwall. The Salt Range Thrust (SRT):- SRT encapsulates southern edge of Salt range separating the Jhelum and the Indus rivers. SRT terminates in the west against Kalabagh fault and its eastern termination is near the right bank of Jhelum river. Chaman Fault:- The Chaman Fault is a real, dynamic geographical blame in Pakistan and Afghanistan that runs in excess of 850 km. Tectonically, it is really an arrangement of related geologic blames that divides the Eurasian Plate from the Indo-Australian Plate. It is a physical, essentially change, left-sidelong strike-slip deficiency. The slippage rate along the Chaman flaw framework as the Indo-Australian Plate moves northward (in respect to the Eurasian Plate) has been assessed at 10 mm/yr or more. Notwithstanding its essential change angle, the Chaman deficiency framework has a compressional segment as the Indian Plate is impacting the Eurasian Plate. This sort of plate limit is now and again called a transpressional limit. From the south, the Chaman shortcoming begins at the triple intersection where the Arabian Plate, the Eurasian Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate meet, which is just off the Makran Coast of Pakistan. The flaw tracks northeast crosswise over Balochistan and afterward north-northeast into Afghanistan, runs just to the west of Kabul, and after that northeastward over the right-horizontal slip Herat deficiency, up to where it blends with the Pamir shortcoming framework north of the 38Ã º parallel. The Ghazaband and Ornach-Nal flaws are regularly included as a feature of the Chaman issue framework. South of the triple intersection, where the deficiency zone lies undersea and stretches out southwest to give or take 10Ã ºn 57Ã ºe, it is known as the Owen Fracture Zone. While there is general understanding that the shortcoming is slipping at a rate of no less than 10 mm/yr, there is a report of volcanic shakes in Pakistan dated to 2 m.y. BP which have been balanced, for example, to show a slip rate of 25Ã¢â¬â35 mm/yr. Balances have been depicted all through the flaw in Pakistan that are adolescent enough that just the alluvium of the base of dynamic dry washes is not removed. The parallel mountain scopes of eastern Balochistan, (east to west) the Kirthar Mountains, the Khude Mountains, the Zarro Mountains, the Pab Mountains and the Mor Mountains, are a consequence of the compressional plate limit and are adjusted parallel to the Chaman deficiency development. The issue itself is west of these ex Minor Thrust Faults of Pakistan:- Some of the minor faults of Pakistan are as follows Margalla Fault:- It is a critical shortcoming, which runs along NE-SW course and joins the principle limit pushed (MBT) in the Hazara-Kashmir syntaxial zone. It passes north of Islamabad on the southern piedmont inclines of the Margalla Hills. As a consequence of this blame, the Datta development and the Samanasuk limestone are thrusted over the Lockhart limestone. There is no record or evidence of any late development along the Margalla shortcoming. Punjal Thrust:- Punjal push Fault is a noteworthy dynamic tectonic normal for some territorial significance. It likewise included a few fragments. This flaw meets the Khairabad shortcoming arranged on Northern Attock Cherat range. That is why, it is otherwise called Punjal- Khairabad push. Kalabagh fault:- It is a noticeable right-sidelong strike-slip issue which stretches out between Kalabagh and Mianwali. It truncates at the western edge of the Salt Range. Kurram Fault:- Kurram Thrust is a NNE-WSW inclining north-ward dipping dynamic tectonic peculiarity dividing the Kakar Khorsan Flysh bowl in the north and the west from Bela Ophiolite pushed and fold sash in the east and south. Sulaiman Range Fault:- In Sulaiman range, two left-parallel wrench faults eastern and western edge of the extent have been distinguished. On the eastern side, two faults constitute a left-parallel deficiency framework having Chaudhan fault and Domanda fault. On the western side, there are three N-S trending faults constituting a left-sidelong blame framework. These shortcomings involve Thakht-e- Sulaiman fault, Manikhawa shortcoming fault, and Moghulkot fault. Kirthar Fault:- Kirthar fault is very much a quite prominent N-S inclining lineament on the satellite symbolism. Kirthar fault alongside the other N-S inclining en-chelon fault of the Kirthar reach front and foothills are considered seismically dynamic. Various earthquake epicenters are spotted in this area, which have been connected with this fault. Ghazaband Fault:- Orientation of this fault is NE-SW, which is located within the vicinity of Ghazaband Pass Kirdgap region. At some points the fault is concealed under the alluvium. In Southward it combines with Chaman/Oranch-Nal transform fault system. Pab Fault The trend of Pab fault is NE-SW that is found along the western boundary of Khude fold belt. Pab thrust is positive seismically and is located N-W of the Karachi. Hoshab Fault Hoshab shortcoming is one of numerous significant push shortcomings which partition the Makran locale into a number of push bound pieces. Hoshab deficiency is arranged in the Makan union zone, which is a strongly distorted, east-west inclining overlap and push sash. This shortcoming has an circular segment shape having east-west inclining close to the Nasirabad and Hoshab zones, however eastward it swings to the north-east until it runs parallel to Mashkai rud. Nai Rud Fault It is one of the active thrust faults .It is trending E-W and found within the vicinity of fold and thrust belts, pertaining to the Makran convergence zone Nai-Rud fault has aÃ NE-SW trending, runs parallel to the Nai Rud valley and bears the left-lateral strike-slip component. Run of Kutch Fault:- Run of Kutch is a dynamic deficiency of territorial degree having an east-west direction. TheÃ augmentations of this fault in the east as well as the west may be, actually, not all that overall characterized. On the other hand, two essential conceivable outcomes have been recommended as such; for east ward expansion, either blame reaches out along the hub of the incredible Run of Kutch or it stretches out to 50 km east of post Sidry, where it bends North-east-ward to take after the geomorphic limit between the Thar desert and the extraordinary Run of Kutch. It is seismically dynamic, which is apparent by a few major and minor quakes related to this local tectonic limit. References:- Geology and tectonics of Pakistan 1997 by A. H. Kazmi and M. Q. Jan http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Central_Thrust http://prr.hec.gov.pk/Chapters/1486S-5.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaman_Fault http://www.geo.arizona.edu/geo5xx/geo527/Himalayas/geology.html
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Representations of Women in A SquatterÃ¢â¬â¢s Tale Women can be perceived or looked at in many ways. They are depicted not only as mothers, but also as friends, companions, and even prostitutes. TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s society has a variety of images of what they feel women should be and what they actually are. Likewise in Ike OguineÃ¢â¬â¢s A SquatterÃ¢â¬â¢s Tale, women are portrayed through various roles such as mothers, girl friends or companions, and prostitutes to reflect the society. First, mothers are backbones of the family. When hard times are experienced, they are the ones who keep the family together. Women provide more than financial support to the family. They are the sense of hope and encouragement to keep the household running smoothly. In A SquatterÃ¢â¬â¢s Tale, ObiÃ¢â¬â¢s mother is the one who, even in hard times, keeps holding on trying to get through the difficulties. The love she has for her family is what gives her the strength to give all she can to her family. When ObiÃ¢â¬â¢s family move from their Yaba house to a three-bedroom flat in the outer reaches of Isolo, as a result of the sudden retirement of ObiÃ¢â¬â¢s father, their struggles for survival increase. ObiÃ¢â¬â¢s mother would drive everyday from Isolo to her shop in Yaba. The drive she endures everyday is very long and tiring. Obi knows his mother is enduring a lot for the family as Oguine establishes this sense of hardship by stating in ObiÃ¢â¬â¢s words, From our new home my mother had to do a hellish drive to her shop in Yaba every morning (leaving behind two disabled men Ã¢â¬â my father and me Ã¢â¬â brooding in the living room all day in front of the shiny black Sony Trinitron 21Ã¢â¬ TV I bought when I was treasury manager in BTF) and another hellish drive back every evening through the most chaotic traffic in the whole of Lagos. (113-114) The struggle of the drive alone is hard for ObiÃ¢â¬â¢s mother. When her car breaks down after ten years, the battle against hardships is about to be lost, because, in addition to working extremely hard, she is being put through hell. Obi realizes what the struggle is doing to his mother the day she comes home after her car has broken down.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
Analysing Article: Only Immigrants Can Save Japan’ by Michael Hoffman Published in the Japan Times Online on 21st October 2012
Assessing the article's currency, this article was published a month back, which is relatively recent. The article is making a long term analysis as it referenced the need to welcome 10 million immigrants from now till 2050, hence the issue is valid because such a current and future issue will be monitored and reiterated in the news for the coming decades. Furthermore, there has been no major changes regarding foreign policies in Japan since the publication date and hence proves that timeliness is present. Under relevance, the article concerns about Japan's rapid decline in population and the need for Japan to open its doors for immigrants. There are pros and cons connected with inviting more foreigners but would it be a wise approach to just welcome immigrants for the sake of putting a brake to the accelerating population decline? And does it give a solution to those problem that Japan is facing such as stagnating economy or shifting away the reliance on nuclear energy? This is also relevant to us locally and many of the developed nations. In Singapore, foreign workforce policies are less tight compared to Japan, a sustainable supply in manpower is needed. The National Population and Talent Division stated this month that Singapore has little choice but to turn to foreign sources to fill the positions of construction labourers or healthcare sectors as they play a role in supporting Singaporean families. The question remains as to whether society in Japan is ready for it, because even immigrant nations like the US and Singapore is have never been entirely free from cultural friction. In analysing authority, the article is written by a regular contributor of The Japan Times, who is also a media columnist and author of the book Ã¢â¬ËBig in Japan'. Established in 1897, The Japan Times is the only independent English language newspaper. It was only during World War Two that The Japan Times was used as an outlet for Imperial Japanese government as a propaganda tool. Mr Hidenori Sakanaka, major contributor of this article, is a former immigration bureau chief who spent 35 years urging Japan to bring in more immigrants. He wrote Ã¢â¬Ëimmigrations Battle Diary', a book that details his own experiences and lays out a manifesto for the future of Japanese immigration policy. Overall, the article gives an insight of the issue from relevant authority of the issue. In evaluating accuracy, Mediacorp's Today published an article that might help to add reasons to Mr Sakanaka's assertion. It states the the direct relation to the ageing population and the increase in demand for foreign labour. Please see the attached Today's article. At the same time, within the article itself quotes declining population data from National Institute of Population and Social Policy Research which is a reliable authority. Additionally, they cited about Japan's failure in its mass-immigration program that welcomed Japanese-Brazilians in the 1980s, depicting that inviting Japan to multiculturalism would not work. The article mentions paradigm that conflicts to Sakanaka's notion. Such information offers a balanced perspective of the issue and therefore strengthens the reliability of the article. The purpose of the article is to examine about the possibilities that arises from welcoming immigrants by incorporating factual information from authorities, statistics and quotes. There are diversity of stakeholders presenting objective data and subjective solutions to the issue. The article offers both perspectives that supports and those against Sakanaka, therefore I feel that I have analysed a reliable article.
Friday, November 8, 2019
The Battle With GrendelÃ¢â¬â¢s Mother When GrendelÃ¢â¬â¢s mother found Beowulf running around on her ground, she picked him up and took him to a high arched building with a large battleground. She clawed at his mail shirt, but it did not affect him. The mail shirt was too strong for her to penetrate her fierce claw through. They fought and wrestled for quite some time. They wore each other out, she would try to tear him apart, but the mail shirt stayed sturdy and strong. She bit holes in his helmet. When Beowulf realized that his weapons were useless, he threw down his sword and decided to try using his fists instead. He picked her up by the shoulders and knocked her to the floor. That still wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t enough to stop the angry beast. She got back up and began to tear at him and seemed to be in a larger rage than before. He was getting weak, but still had too much pride to give up. She threw him down and grabbed a knife. She put her weight on his body. Standing on his back she tried to put an old, rusty, crusted, bloody blade through his back, but the mail shirt once again protected him. It was then Beowulf realized God wanted him to defeat this creature. He got back up and spotted a sword hammered by the giants. It would take a great strength to pick up the sword, but Beowulf did it. He cut through her with the sword, killing the disgusting monster. He walked along, and found GrendelÃ¢â¬â¢s body. He decided to take his head back and celebrate his victory. He cut off the head and, heavy as it was, made his way back to his people, and they all celebrated the defeat of the hideous monster.... Free Essays on The Battle With Grendel's Mother Free Essays on The Battle With Grendel's Mother The Battle With GrendelÃ¢â¬â¢s Mother When GrendelÃ¢â¬â¢s mother found Beowulf running around on her ground, she picked him up and took him to a high arched building with a large battleground. She clawed at his mail shirt, but it did not affect him. The mail shirt was too strong for her to penetrate her fierce claw through. They fought and wrestled for quite some time. They wore each other out, she would try to tear him apart, but the mail shirt stayed sturdy and strong. She bit holes in his helmet. When Beowulf realized that his weapons were useless, he threw down his sword and decided to try using his fists instead. He picked her up by the shoulders and knocked her to the floor. That still wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t enough to stop the angry beast. She got back up and began to tear at him and seemed to be in a larger rage than before. He was getting weak, but still had too much pride to give up. She threw him down and grabbed a knife. She put her weight on his body. Standing on his back she tried to put an old, rusty, crusted, bloody blade through his back, but the mail shirt once again protected him. It was then Beowulf realized God wanted him to defeat this creature. He got back up and spotted a sword hammered by the giants. It would take a great strength to pick up the sword, but Beowulf did it. He cut through her with the sword, killing the disgusting monster. He walked along, and found GrendelÃ¢â¬â¢s body. He decided to take his head back and celebrate his victory. He cut off the head and, heavy as it was, made his way back to his people, and they all celebrated the defeat of the hideous monster....
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Should Abortion Be Legal Introduction The society has many ways of condemning practices that it considers morally and ethically wrong. In addition, owing to differences between different religious believers, there is a clear disparity of activities, which these religions consider right or wrong. Hence, considering these disparities, one main question, which many individuals lack correct answers to, is; is what the society or church considers right the right thing in reality?Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Should Abortion Be Legal specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Abortion is one of the most controversial topics in the modern society owing to different stances taken by different individuals, either applying religious beliefs or using societal values. Depending on ones position, many controversies arise as concerns the legalization and illegalization of abortion, hence the need to take an intent analysis of all factors surrounding the act befo re making any conclusions on its legality or illegality. Abortion If any individuals imagine that making the decision to do an abortion is an easy task, then they better sit down and critically analyze circumstances surrounding the whole act. Primarily, the practice encompasses the termination of pregnancy before a baby is born; a practice that leads to death of the unborn fetus or in some cases a live fetus. The practice has many associated effects, which include psychological trauma, stress, health deterioration, and the worst; death. Depending on the procedure and precaution taken by individuals, the entire process of abortion can be successful or fail, hence the need to always consider repercussions of the practice before doing an abortion. Legality and Illegality of Abortion Universally there exist two main divisions as concerns the debate on the legality and illegality of abortion namely pro-choice and pro-life views. The former argues that, individuals (women) have the right of making sole decisions as whether they want to terminate their pregnancies or not; depending on their cherished values and moral ethics. The latter argues that, considering the prevailing societal, religious, and general moral values, killing of an unborn child is wrong; hence, countries should eliminate the whole practice from the society. The main issue of contention between these two groups is the determination where practically human beings begin to be called living beings (Saletan, 2004, pp.187-190). All individuals accept that life is precious however, what if the created life is out of plan or chances are that, it will face many living problems. Arguing that, abortion can result in many health complications in life later for example, emotional damage, barrenness and death is not wrong. In addition, arguing that, although one may never have the requirements of upbringing up a child, hence seek for adoption is not also bad. However, it is good to consider the circumstances su rrounding the mother and the unborn child.Advertising Looking for essay on ethics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For example, likelihoods of a child with deformities, which majority of parents never want to see their children go through. On the other hand, what if whoever is responsible for the pregnancy refuses to take responsibility of the baby just incase the mother cannot afford to up bring the child alone? This and many other questions pose an ethical dilemma on the illegality of abortion; hence, to me, abortion governments should legalize abortion because of complications that come with pregnancies. Why Countries Should Legalize Abortion Although individuals or organizations oppose the idea that governments should make abortion legal, considering some circumstances surrounding some pregnancies governments should legalize the whole thing. This is because; in most cases, mothers are the ones who suffer the burd en of carrying the unborn babies. In addition to the burden of carrying the unborn baby, in most cases research findings have indicated that, majority of individuals who father some babies are unwilling to take the responsibility of contributing to the up-bringing the child. For example, take of a case where the woman in question is a student; in most cases, these girls cannot afford bringing up the child on their own, and to make the whole issue worse majority of parents may reject them as not part of their family. In addition to rejections and lack of finance to up-bring the child, most of these young girls undergo psychological torture due to societal discriminations, because societies consider them outcasts. For example, in a Muslim society, it is wrong to get a child out of wedlock; hence just incase it occurs, majority of Muslim women face many discriminations and have to face certain punishments. The above factors puts at risk most mothers life, hence the need to take the har d option, whose success depends on its legality. The second main reason why abortion governments should legalize abortion is primarily to save mothers lives. Consider a case where a doctor has advised a mother not to sire more children because of her health condition for example, mothers suffering from health complications such as kidney infections, sickle cell anemia, advanced diabetes, or have had more than two babies via cesarean section (Conor, 2010, p.1). Such mothersÃ¢â¬â¢ health conditions cannot allow them to sire more children, hence the need for abortion for them to live long and comfortably. Humanly speaking, all individuals commit mistakes in life; hence, mothers are not an exception. This is to say, against those warnings some mothers get pregnant unknowingly, hence realize when it is too late. To these like mothers frankly asking, why should the law not allow them to have an abortion?Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Should Abortion Be Legal specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is important to note that, in this case it is two individuals lives that is at stake; hence, making it important to at least save one and loose one. In addition, in this like scenario, considering conditions surrounding it whether the law legalizes abortion or not, still most mothers will do it using all means that are at their disposal. Therefore, to avoid complications that may result from illegal abortions, it is necessary to legalize the practice (Schuman, 2010, p.1). Considering developments that our societies have undergone, surely it will be wrong to deny women this simple right. Since time memorial, activists have fought for gender equality in our society, a factor that should not isolate abortion. Reproductive choice should be a right the law should grant all women because it will give them an opportunity to explore other development options; more participation in economic development, a factor th at may be impaired by carrying of unwanted pregnancies (Oreffice Moore, 2005, p.1). Some situations surrounding conceptions also should make countries legalize the practice among women. For example, consider a case of a child conceived out of rape or incest. Majority of victims suffer a lot of psychological trauma, something that is more hurting that even sickness. Most of babies conceived out of rape will make most mothers have negative attitudes towards them, a situation that jeopardizes the health growth of the child. Primarily, this is so because these children may lack parental love they deserve something that universally contributes to suicidal tendencies among most children. This therefore results to two paradoxical questions; why allow children to be born knowing that circumstances surrounding their lives are complicated? In addition, why risk loosing a life something which abortion could have helped to alleviate long before birth? On the other hand, illegalizing abortion i n many ways discriminates different classes of women in the society. Most rich mothers can have abortion in sophisticated conditions that they prefer; where success is a guarantee, but considering the economic status of women from poor backgrounds, because of the illegality of the practice, they may opt for very crude ways that jeopardizes not only their health but also their overall life. Legalizing abortion can also help to reduce crime, a factor that many research findings have proved. For example since the legalization of abortion in America, the continent had seen continuous reductions in the number of child mortality rates. This is because, the practice is legal and the rule of law sets conditions under which individuals should undertake abortions; hence, it is very hard to find individuals involving themselves in criminal practices such homicides (Donohue Levitt, 2006, pp. 379-390). Another important reason why governments should legalize abortion is to manage population exp ansion and public health. Currently, the universe faces very many threats resulting from human practices. These practices include destruction of habitats, overexploitation of resources to sustain life, and encroachment into protected areas.Advertising Looking for essay on ethics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In many ways this has led to many calamities that have caused massive property destruction and deaths, the latest being the Haiti Earthquake. To some extent, through population control by allowing abortions, governments can avoid exaggerated population explosions. This is because in most instances, in majority of nations it is illegal to do an abortion even when the case is genuine (Tietze, 1975, pp. 123-127). It is important to note that, although governments should legalize abortion, it is advisable for whoever who wants to conduct the act, to first of all seek medical advise before taking the abortion. In addition, it is important for all women to use correct aborting measures, because failure to do so can result to numerous complications. This is because, the option of applying crude procedures not only makes the entire process dangerous, but also can lead to loss of life of the mother or health complications that can leave one regretting for her entire life. Conclusion In concl usion, the issue of avoiding unwanted pregnancies that may force one to have an abortion should be a collective responsibility, owing to the fact that, it affects all individuals in one way or another. Considering conditions surrounding single parenthood, it is advisable for all individuals to embrace good moral behaviors, and just incase conception occurs against somebodys will for example rape or incest, the law should allow such individuals to have abortions. This is possible through clearly defining circumstances under which individuals can undertake the act. Reference List Conor, A. (2010). Reasons why abortions should remain legal. Socybert. Web. Donohue, J. Levitt, S. (2006). The impact of legalized abortion on crime.Ã The quarterly journal economics, 116 (2), 379-420. Oreffice, S. Moore, J. (2005). Legalizing abortion increases a womans economic power. Medical News. Web. Saletan, W. (2004). Bearing right: conservatives won the abortion law. California: University of Cali fornia press. Web. Schuman, R. (2010). Child fall asleep (Abortion): Debate with others on abortion Message board. Web. Tietze, C. (1975). Effect of legalization of abortion on population growth and public health. Family planning perspectives, 7(3), 123-127.
Sunday, November 3, 2019
The Arboreal and Cursorial Hypotheses of the Flight Origin - Research Paper Example The arboreal hypothesis (also known as the Ã¢â¬Ëtree downÃ¢â¬â¢ hypothesis) refers to the idea that dinosaurs first gained flight by jumping from trees and acquiring flight as an evolutionary mechanism to avoid fatal accidents from this method. This hypothesis seems Ã¢â¬ËintuitiveÃ¢â¬â¢ because Ã¢â¬Ëflight evolving from an arboreal gliding stage would seem to be relatively easyÃ¢â¬â¢ (Padian & Chiappe, 1998, p15) and because the force of gravity Ã¢â¬Ëhelps rather than hindersÃ¢â¬â¢ (Lewin, 1983, p38). Some studies, such as that of Feduccia (1993) suggest that the shape of the manus (the Ã¢â¬ËhandÃ¢â¬â¢ portion of the forelimb) and the pes (the Ã¢â¬ËfootÃ¢â¬â¢ portion of the hindlimb) of the Archaeopteryx exhibit evidence of perching, tree-dwelling and trunk-climbing due to the curvature of these anatomical elements. However, since this paper was published, another specimen of Archaeopteryx has been discovered (known as the Thermopolis specimen) which has almos t complete pes, and thus there is now mounting evidence that the hallux (first digit of the pes) did not display curvature necessary for perching (Mayr et al., 2007). If we consider the Archaeopteryx as arboreal, it is important to understand how and why a flight would have developed in this way. The original theory as stated by Othniel C. Marsh in the late 19th century was that Archaeopteryx would use wings as a balancing mechanism during leaps between trees, utilizing a gliding model to conserve energy. A common refutation to this point is that Archaeopteryx would utilize energy to climb trees (Mayr et al., 2007) but the terrestrial running would have taken more and as such gliding would be an evolutionary advantage (Feduccia, 1993). This, if taken as proof of the Ã¢â¬Ëintermediate gliding stageÃ¢â¬â¢ (Lewin, 1983, p38) that is so necessary for supporting the arboreal hypothesis, would help solve this challenge to evolutionary biology. A major problem with using Archaeopteryx as proof of the arboreal hypothesis is that it possessed very long, sharp claws or talons.
Friday, November 1, 2019
The factors that attract the tourists to visit Orlando,FL - Research Proposal Example ?Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..7 SECTION 2 Literature reviewÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.9 SECTION 3 MethodologyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦14 Research Design and ApproachÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.14 Study Population and SampleÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦14 Sampling CriteriaÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢ â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.15 Data Collection InstrumentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦16 Data Collection ProcedureÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.17 Data AnalysisÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦17 Limitations of the StudyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.17 SECTION 4 Discussion and FindingsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦18 SECTION 5 Document SummaryÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.18 ReferencesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.20 SECTION 1 Abstract When tourists are thinking about visiting a destination, they consider numerous elements such as price, climate, the available attractions and infrastructure. This has on the other hand led to increased competition among tourist destinations. Each destination has a distinct image, with some having a stronger image than others. In this regard, an apprehension of what makes up the destination image can result to increased tourist satisfaction and loyalty. Notably, these dimensions of the destination image affec t what attracts tourists to a destination. The primary objective of this research is to identify the factors that attract tourist to Orlando, Florida. This research will do so by collecting and analyzing data on 150 respondents in Orlando, consisting of tourists from different market segments and travel agencies in the area. Introduction Tourism is one of the primary economic activities in Orlando, Florida. During the early days, Orlando city and the whole Florida were only visited by the well-heeled and well-known people who could have enough money for the lifestyle. Some of the tourists and visitors loved the place and resolved to stay and start trading. The progress and development of Orlando and Florida is attributed to one man, Henry Flagler, who was among the individuals who loved the weather and climate and resolved to capitalize in the city in the late 19th century. He capitalized and constructed the hotels and transportation lines making it easier for more people within the world to access the city and the state. This was still in the late 19th century, where Florida state and the cities within it, including Orlando, were connected to New York. In the early 20th century, thousands of tourists started streaming into the state. Since then, Orlando has centered on tourism (Visit Orlando, 2013). Orlando is at present a principal travel target with myriad attraction destinations such as game parks, lodgings, world-class airports and one among the largest convention facilities within the country. In 2011, Orlando claimed a United States tourism record by attaining 55.1
Wednesday, October 30, 2019
Clinical Biochemistry Short questions(degree) - Essay Example To diagnose CushingÃ¢â¬â¢s syndrome levels of free cortisol are checked in the urine. Levels of cortisol in the saliva and serum are checked at midnight to confirm the disease. Dexamethasone which is a synthetic glucocorticoid is administered which leads to decreased cortisol if the increased levels are due to a tumor in the anterior pituitary. Addisons disease is characterized by insufficiency of cortisol which is caused mostly due to production of antibodies against the adrenal gland within the body. This leads to decreased glucose metabolism in the body causing hypoglycemia and it can prove to be fatal in periods of stress and mild infections. Hyperpigmentation is also seen. Levels of free cortisol are checked in the urine and serum and saliva levels of cortisol are checked at midnight. Adrenocorticotropin hormone is then administered and levels of cortisol are measure. If they do not rise it indicates the insufficiency of the adrenal gland and rules out any problem with the ant erior pituitary. Radioimmunoassay is a technique in which a known quantity of labeled antibody and a labeled antigen is taken. This known complex is added to with unknown quantity of serum containing the antigens which needs to be measured. The unlabelled antigen displaces the labeled antigen and combines with the antibody. This unlabelled antigen and antibody is measured. Different quantities of serum are taken and added to the labeled complex and a graph is plotted and the values for the antigen in serum are measured. This method is extremely sensitive and specific because the antigen and antibody complexes formed are very specific for each other. It is also very sensitive because it can detect small amounts of antigen. The results obtained are accurate if many samples are taken. To improve accuracy it is important to purify the sample as well the reactants from foreign particles to prevent any false results. More samples
Monday, October 28, 2019
Molecules Shine Individually on Camera Essay In a science news article by the Department of Energy, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, an innovative discovery on a certain combination of technique for studying individual molecules undergoing reactions was presented. The article entitled Ã¢â¬Å"Electron Give-and-take Lets Molecules Shine Individually on CameraÃ¢â¬ was actually adopted from an article in the journal Chemical Communications by Chenghong Lei and Dehong Hu. The original title of the journal article was Ã¢â¬Å"Single-molecule Fluorescence Spectroelectrochemistry of Cresyl Violet. Ã¢â¬ Basically, the article reports a new technique of studying the electron transfer reactions of molecules. Through the use of the new combination of techniques, scientists have found a way of viewing individual molecules as the reaction proceeds which was traditionally impossible. Due to this breakthrough, scientists can now conduct further research to modify and even create proteins that possesses maximum reaction rates which could generate more energy than their counterparts (DOE 2008). Electron transfer reactions are crucial in the life-giving processes that occur in plants and animals. They are responsible in generating energy as well as sustaining the life of an organism such as in photosynthesis. To understand how such electron transfer reactions occur, it is possible that chemists and engineers can find ways on how to recreate such maximal energy generation which is typical of natureÃ¢â¬â¢s electron transfer reactions (DOE 2008). In light of these efforts, there have been several techniques of observing the mechanisms behind the reactions of biomolecules. One of these techniques is fluorescence spectroelectrochemistry. However, although fluorescence has been of great help in the field of chemistry, like other traditional techniques it only allows for the observation and analysis of bulk molecules. Therefore, in search for a method of analyzing individual molecules, scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Library have devised an instrument wherein the power of creating electric fields to initiate reactions and that of focusing into a single molecule was developed (DOE 2008). This was successfully done by combining fluorescence spectroelectrochemistry with that of single-molecule fluorescence microscope. Using the new instrument, scientists then studied electron transfer reactions in individual cases. They have found that although majority of the molecules undergo electron transfer reactions, there are some individual molecules that contradict the way other molecules behave. Upon fluorescence using cresyl violet dye, some molecules that should have been lit were not while upon removing the electric current, some molecules continued to give of fluorescence where they should have blinked off (DOE 2008). Such discovery thus account for the sub maximum energy generation of some reactions that occur. Using the same instrument, scientists can now find out why these particular molecules behave in such a way. To control the reactions could then be a great advantage for many of our chemists (DOE). Further studies are now being conducted to achieve this goal. The fusion of two important instruments used in chemistry and microbiology was actually a novel contribution to both fields. Essentially, fluorescence spectroelectrochemistry is a technique used by chemists to manipulate reactions in their study of the mechanisms molecules follow whereas single-molecule fluorescence microscopy is employed in microbiology for the study of fluorescent microorganisms. By combining the two techniques, new research ventures can now be accomplished both in the fields of chemistry and microbiology. Furthermore, the innovative instrument has somehow created a bridge between the two fields of science, one of which is primarily concerned with the minute elements of the abiotic world while the other is concerned with the minute elements of the biotic world. The information about the new combination of instrument is quite useful. Having learned of this new apparatus, it is then possible that future endeavors that might be undertaken by the readers employ the use of the device. Furthermore, the data obtained from the electron transfer reactions up close is an excellent explanation of why molecules generate as much energy only as they are able to. The plan of scientists to expand the study is also very interesting since it will clarify why molecules behave the way they do. The reader could say that the information is convincing as well as organized. Although there are no detailed descriptions of the results of the study, the presentation of the valuable outcomes is meaningful and reliable. This is due to the fact that the article is an adaptation of a reliable journal article. However, it would have been more engaging if the scientists include some data tables, graphs or pictures on the behavior of the individual molecules that were studied instead of generalizing the data presentation. The article is highly recommended to people in the field of biofuels research. As has been mentioned in the article, if engineers will find out how to control the behavior of molecules during electron transfer reactions, they may increase the energy generated by biofuels by utilizing the maximum limit of each individual molecule (DOE 2008). By doing so, engineers will obtain a large amount of energy with the least raw product input increasing efficiency and production as well as lowering costs and expenses. References DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. (2008, September 24). Electron Give-and-take Lets Molecules Shine Individually on Camera. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 27, 2008, from http//www. sciencedaily. com/releases/2008/09/080925094. htm.
Saturday, October 26, 2019
Atrocities Associated with the Eugenics Movement Among the fears of many environmentalists is that of overpopulation. Acutely aware of the finite resources that the planet possesses and the limitations of renewable resources, there are concerns that the planet may soon reach its maximum caring capacity. Since the First Great Transition ten thousand years ago, the planet has experienced an astounding increase in population. Generations later, the planet is beginning to feel the effects of continual population expansion. Over the years, numerous methods have been proposed or adopted to ensure that the Earth will not exhaust its resources. One of the most frightening adapted solutions was the eugenics movement. As small mobile groups of hunter-gatherers adopted a sedentary lifestyle, they mastered both agriculture and animal domestication. These small settled groups quickly evolved into cities and towns that encompassed the entire globe. Today the estimated population of the world is over 6.2 million people.1 As the population has grown, it has had several deleterious effects on the Earth. These include climate changes, the spread of diseases, declining food production, deforestation, and environment pollution (particularly air pollution). As people have become more conscious of these harmful effects, they have begun to devise strategies to combat this problem. Among the suggested responses include a switch to renewable energy, a call for zero population growth, and adopting sustainable agricultural practices. The concept of eugenics was not initially intended to prevent overcrowding, however, it would later be used as a form of population control. Eugenics is the idea of improving society by breeding fitter people. Francis Galton was the first person to originate this term and was a major proponent of the concept during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The practice of eugenics was originally performed through the use of selective breeding. Eugenics was a progressive idea, driven by social perceptions. In fact, "many of its most strident advocates were socialist, who saw eugenics as enlightened state planning of reproduction."2 Fearing the degradation of society, the elite desired to prevent further social decay of the world by eliminating individuals who were considered unfit physically, mentally, or socially. In order to accomplish its goal of producing healthier people, eugenics embraced two goals. First, it attempted to improve certain heritable qualities with the human species through selective breeding. Second, it prevented other "undesirable" qualities from recurring by either restricting reproduction or through direct removal from the gene pool.
Thursday, October 24, 2019
The Great Gatsby: How it Applies to Modern Society The people in F. Scott FitzgeraldÃ¢â¬â¢s novel The Great Gatsby are very alike the people in our generation today. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re alike in the way they depict racism, irresponsibility, and corruption. The two generations however; also share people who display integrity and honesty. The two generations show irresponsibility and corruption through many characters like Myrtle, Meyer Wolfshiem and Tom. After Myrtle bought the dog she had taken no care after the dog. She never walked it, didnÃ¢â¬â¢t consistently feed it, and the dog was later found lying around by himself.Tom was irresponsible and prejudice towards other races which were different from his own. His Irresponsibility was shown when he was having an affair with Myrtle and not staying faithful to Daisy. TomÃ¢â¬â¢s prejudice was revealed when he said Ã¢â¬Å"nowadays people being by sneering at family life and family institutions and next theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll throw everything o verboard and have intermarriage between black and white. Ã¢â¬ In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society it seems like itÃ¢â¬â¢s every other day where someone is discriminated against because they are thought to be inferior for skin color, religion, etc.Also during the roaring 20Ã¢â¬â¢s there was many gangs and mob leaders like the terrorizing Al Capone who were corrupt with power. He was a racketeer who had many wars with other gangs. Today there is also a lot of gang violence going on today between all sorts of different cliques and they all search for the power that Al Capone once had. Even though there are a significant amount of people who are irresponsible and discriminate there are also a large number of people who act with integrity and help others with enormous generosity.Everyone was first afraid of Gatsby because they thought he was a killer but turns out he was a compassionate man. When Nick says Ã¢â¬Å"TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re a rotten crowd, youÃ¢â¬â¢re worth the whole damn bunch put to getherÃ¢â¬ you feel the same towards him because his love for Daisy was very important to him. He takes the blame for Daisy killing Myrtle even though he knows he can be taken away to jail for the rest of his life. There are people still today that will fight for their friends because friendship is vowed to be very important in the life of very human. As you can see the adultÃ¢â¬â¢s shown in the Great Gatsby (1920Ã¢â¬â¢s) are similar to the adults that live today. Many portray racism and are irresponsible; however they are also many who act with honesty, integrity and compassion. I believe the two generations are similar for the common traits they share. Because there is a century between these two generations many would believe that a lot of change has undergone but in reality not much change has happened. Everything around the people has changed but them as people have not.
Wednesday, October 23, 2019
At the age of 12 his parents divorced (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Sheehy 1997). These two life-altering events were, in part, what led him to begin focusing his mind on understanding people (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Sheehy 1997). In junior high Albert Ellis dreamed of becoming a great novelist (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Sheehy 1997) but by the time he reached college age, he decided it might be more practical to become an accountant instead. However, he planned to retire by the age of 30 so that he could then take up writing at his own leisure (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Sheehy 1997). Due in part to the Great Depression, his goals changed but he did go on to graduate college in 1934 with a degree in business (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Sheehy 1997). After graduation he and his brother became entrepreneurs and started their own business. They sold pants purchased from the garment district (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Sheehy 1997). In 1938 a gift and novelty firm employed him as their personal manager. Some of his controversial articles included The Influence of Heterosexual Cultures on the Attitudes of Homosexuals (1951) and Prostitution Re-assessed (1951) both of these articles were written for the International Journal of Sexology (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Ellis 2004). Albert EllisÃ¢â¬â¢ writings were groundbreaking material that opened the door to the sexual revolution of the 1960s and the gay and lesbian rights movement in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s (Ellis 1992). These writings were controversial at that time and may have stigmatized or put a negative label on Albert Ellis. However, these writings as well as references from his friends was how he formed his client base (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Ellis 2004). Most of Albert EllisÃ¢â¬â¢ early clients were individuals and couples suffering from sex, love and marital problems (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Ellis 2004). Albert Ellis also grew his private practice through publicity from his talks, workshops, radio, and television presentations which led to referrals from a number of psychologists with whom he had no personal relationship with (Ellis 1997). Besides maintaining a full-time private practice, Albert Ellis also found the time to become the first Chairman of the first Committee on Private Practice of the Division of Clinical Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Ellis 1997). During that time he conducted a study of the members of the American Psychological Association (Ellis 1997). This study showed that only 56% of the American Psychological Association members were engaged in some kind of paid private practice, and only 30% devoted 20 or more hours a week (Ellis 1997). Only a few individuals including Albert Ellis were in full-time private practices (Ellis 1997). Albert Ellis also worked with Reverend Ilsley Boone on a New York District Federal Court to legally sell nudist magazines (Ellis 1997)_. _ They lost the New York District Federal court case and immediately start working on a brief for the United States Supreme Court and alternately reversed and New York district Federal Court decision (Ellis 1997). This was a major victory for nudists across the country (Ellis 1997). Albert Ellis quickly became an Ã¢â¬Å"IdolÃ¢â¬ for many American nudists (Ellis 1997). Philosophical and Psychological Beliefs Albert Ellis experimented with various forms of psychotherapy keeping therapies that he believed work better than others and disregarded everything else. Albert Ellis began building his own therapeutic process and started questioning traditional Freudian psychoanalysis. In 1953 Albert Ellis started calling himself a Ã¢â¬Å"psychotherapistÃ¢â¬ instead of the traditional Ã¢â¬Å"psychoanalystÃ¢â¬ label (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 1997, 2004). Albert Ellis thought that this change of title would separate him from the classical psychoanalytic practices (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 1997, 2004). Albert Ellis had a passion for reading early philosophy e. g. Epictetus and Spinoza (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 1992). Albert Ellis also read famous works from the leading psychologist of his time e. g. Alfred Adler and Karen Horney (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 1997, 2004). His study of philosophy and psychology also led him to become interested in understanding the philosophy of happiness. Albert Ellis came to the conclusion that if an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s basic needs were met, the individual would be happy. He found that basic needs were only part of the equation for personal happiness. Albert Ellis then focused on negative thoughts. Albert Ellis thought that if people had a rational philosophy of life they would rarely be emotionally disturbed (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 1997, 2004). Albert Ellis formulated a theory that psychological issues and emotional issues of the individual were causing the negative thoughts or what Albert Ellis called irrational beliefs (Ellis 1997, 2004). Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy Basics Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) is a therapy in which individuals change their perceived believes about perceived negative events. Albert Ellis acquired several disabilities such as diabetes, tired eyes, deficient hearing, as well as other physical handicaps (Ellis 1997). Albert Ellis used Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) to overcome his negative perceptions of his disabilities. Ã¢â¬ If you really accept it, and stop whining about it, you can turn some of its lemons into quite tasty lemonadeÃ¢â¬ (Ellis 1997). Albert Ellis used rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT), on himself, in 1943 soon after he became a practicing psychologist (Ellis 1997, 2004). Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) is an important and useful therapy still used today. First, an individual must be aware of their irrational thoughts or explain to the individual that the way they perceive an event is irrational. Then, the individual must replace the irrational thought with rational thought. Finally the individual believes in Ã¢â¬Å"unconditional self acceptance (USA)Ã¢â¬ (Ellis 1997, 2004). Unconditional self acceptance (USA) is when an individual learns to accept and love their self for who they are rather than what they do. The unconditional self acceptance (USA) is reached when the low frustration tolerance (LFT) is raised and ultimately achieves high frustration tolerance (HFT) (Ellis 1997, 2004). The ABCÃ¢â¬â¢s of REBT Albert Ellis believed emotional problems that an individual suffers from are the link to a set of irrational beliefs held about themselves, others, and the world they live in. These rational beliefs perpetuate negative self talk in the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s consciousness. The negative self talk puts emphasis on Ã¢â¬Å"shouldsÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"oughtsÃ¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"mustsÃ¢â¬ of irrational thinking. Rational emotive behavioral therapy attempts to replace these irrational beliefs with new rational thoughts. The process of helping the client change their irrational believes is a two step process. The first step is setting up or choosing for themselves certain happiness producing values, purposes, goals, or ideals; and effective, flexible, scientific, logico-empirical [sic] ways to achieve these values and goals and upload boarding contradictory or self defeating result (Ellis 1997, 2004). Rational beliefs or irrational beliefs shape who we are how we act. Albert Ellis created an ABC model to help both the client and the therapist engage and treat unrealistic, immature, and absolutist modes of thinking into realistic, mature, logical, and a realistic approach to thinking (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 2004). The Ã¢â¬Å"AÃ¢â¬ in the ABC model refers to the Ã¢â¬Å"activating an eventÃ¢â¬ . Activating events are events that trigger or cause our beliefs and perception. The Activating event could be a real situation that the individual had experience are could be inferred event were individual their own meeting contrary to what the situation was (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 2004). In Either case the activating event is negative stimuli cause by an event or situation triggers any irrational belief (Ellis 2004). The Ã¢â¬Å"BÃ¢â¬ in the ABC model is beliefs that shape an individual emotions and behaviors (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 2004). In other word, an individual who experiences an activating event then forms a belief based upon that activating event affecting their decision-making about their consequences and/or reaction to other stimuli (Ellis 2004). These Beliefs can either be youÃ¢â¬â¢re rational or rational (Ellis 2004). The Ã¢â¬Å"CÃ¢â¬ in the ABC model stands for the consequences of the irrational beliefs (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 2004). There are emotional and behavioral consequences, either positive or negative, to a set of beliefs about the activating event (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 2004). Individuals that suffer from irrational beliefs about a given situation will likely suffer from unhealthy negative emotions (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 2004). Unhealthy negative emotions are extreme emotions that can manifest themselves in a variety of forms e. g. guilt, anxiety, andor depression (Ellis 2004). The extreme negative feelings are so intense that the individual afflicted with these emotions often cannot function normally (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 2004). Albert Ellis does not believe that one should live a life free of negative emotions (Ellis 2004). Albert Ellis believed that healthy negative emotions were emotions that were relatively Ã¢â¬Å"low in intensityÃ¢â¬ (Ellis 2004). Albert Ellis believed that the healthy negative emotions experienced in a mentally healthy individual can modify behavior for the betterment of the individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ life (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 2004). Albert Ellis later added the (D), (E), and (F) to his ABCÃ¢â¬â¢s ofRational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (Ellis 2004). The Ã¢â¬Å"DÃ¢â¬ is disputing the irrational beliefs that the individual possesses about the activating event (Ellis 2004). The Ã¢â¬Å"EÃ¢â¬ or effect the person feels is only achieved when the individual or client successfully disputes the irrational belief and replaces the irrational belief with a rational belief (Ellis 2004). This will ultimately lead to a new effect in the persons behavior. The effect will then lead the individual to a healthier and happier way of feeling Ã¢â¬Å"FÃ¢â¬ (Ellis 2004). The application of the rational emotive behavioral therapyÃ¢â¬â¢s ABC model allows people to visualize how their reactions to events are formed (Ellis 2004). Once an individual visualizes how irrational beliefs are formed and changes their behavior negatively therapy will, more than likely, be successful. The 4 steps of applying the ABC model Rational emotive behavioral therapy is an approach that makes the client participates in an active role in the therapy process. There are four steps in applying the ABC model. As the client Progresses through the four steps will work through an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s irrational beliefs and use certain skills to combat any irrational beliefs that may arise after private counseling has ended (Ellis 2004). Step one is to reveal the individuals or clients irrational beliefs in their current mode of thinking (Ellis 2004). In many cases the individuals of clients have had these irrational beliefs for so long that they cannot distinguish their irrational beliefs from normal rational beliefs (Ellis 2004). Also when the individual or the client has family and friends reinforcing their irrational beliefs, even though the irrational beliefs may not fall into societal norms, only reinforces the idea that their irrational beliefs are rational or normal (Ellis 2004). The first step, basically, outlines the treatment plan and formulates a plan of action to dispute the irrational beliefs. Clients must be aware of their irrational and rational beliefs and distinguish the differences between the two different beliefs. In step two the client or individual expands their understanding of what is irrational and what is rational (Ellis 2004). This step is similar to step one, but step two the therapy is more in-depth and intense. In step two the client or individual must be made aware of their irrational beliefs and how the individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ irrational beliefs are perpetuating their own turmoil (Ellis 2004). If the client or individual continues to think unreasonable or irrational, they will repeat their irrational behavior and have continued unpleasant feeling that interrupt their normal way of life (Ellis 2004). In showing the individual or client the pattern of their irrational beliefs and the consequences their irrational beliefs impose on them is detrimental to the success of their treatment (Ellis 2004). Only when the client can distinguish the difference between rational beliefs and irrational beliefs, can realize that the negative problems they are having are in direct correlation with their irrational beliefs, and can see the pattern they follow when irrational beliefs are present (Ellis 2004). Step three begins once the previous objectives have been met. In step three the individual or client will learn how to stop illogical or irrational beliefs and change the irrational and negative pattern into a new logical and rational mode of thinking and behaving (Ellis 2004). This is achieved when the individual ceases the negative self talk and stop the irrational beliefs from affecting their mode of thinking (Ellis 2004). Many individuals have their irrational beliefs so embedded in their mode of behaving and their mode thinking that the individual may not even be aware that their irrational beliefs are irrational (Ellis 2004). The client with help from their therapist will attempt to identify the irrational beliefs from the rational beliefs (Ellis 2004). In the fourth and final step the client has identified their irrational beliefs (Ellis 2004). The client along with the help of the therapist, work to modify the clients negative way of thinking and identify and change the clients irrational beliefs into rational modes of thinking (Ellis 2004). The therapist works with the client until a new set of rational beliefs are fashioned (Ellis 2004). Once the irrational belief system is replaced by a more rational and logical belief system the client will notice negative feelings and negative behaviors change into a more positive feelings and positive behaviors (Ellis 2004). The rational emotive behavioral theapry techniques used by the therapist to dispute irrational beliefs can vary from client to client depending on the type of the client and modes of irrational thinking REBT Techniques Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy is a multimodal form of therapy (Ellis 2004). Some of the different techniques used in Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy include Ã¢â¬Å"Disputing the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s irrational beliefsÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"changing the language of the clientÃ¢â¬ , and emotive techniques like Ã¢â¬Å"role playingÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"rational emotive inventoryÃ¢â¬ (Ellis 2004). These different techniques can be used to modify several types or irrational behaviors caused by irrational beliefs e. g. anxiety, depression, anger, and addictions (Ellis 2004). These techniques show the client how to refute their irrational beliefs in a precise and rapid method. Disputing the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s irrational beliefs technique is a technique that makes the client challenge their beliefs and modes of thinking (Ellis 2004). In this technique the therapist presents a series of questions such as: Why do you assume this? or Why must it be this way? When the client answers these questions the client start to realize that the way they are thinking is irrational (Ellis 2004). The language of the client technique disputes Ã¢â¬Å"the shouldsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"the oughtsÃ¢â¬ in the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s way of thinking (Ellis 2004). In most cases the language used by the client forms their irrational way of thinking (Ellis 2004). By changing Ã¢â¬Å"the shouldsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"the oughtsÃ¢â¬ into wishes, wants, and desires may change the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s irrational beliefs (Ellis 2004). Example of Self-Application of REBT The techniques outlined by Albert Ellis shows how simplistic but meaningful Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) can be (Ellis 2004). Take for example when Albert Ellis gets impatient or angry about his various limitations (Ellis 2004). Albert Ellis says to himself: Ã¢â¬Å"Too damn bad! I really do not like taking all this time and effort to deal with my impairments and wish to hell that I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to do so. But alas, I do. It is hard doing so many things to keep myself in a relatively healthy condition, but it is much harder in the long run and much more painful and deadly, if I do not keep doing this. There is no reason whatsoever why I absolutely must have it easier than I do. Yes it is unfair for me to be more afflicted than many other people are. But, damn it, I should be just as afflicted as I am! Unfairness should exist in the worldÃ¢â¬âto me, and to whomever else it does existÃ¢â¬âbecause it does exist! Too bad that it doesÃ¢â¬âbut it does! Ã¢â¬ sic Albert Ellis lived a full and rich life filled with controversy and an outspoken attitude. Albert Ellis fought for gay and lesbian rights and the right to send uncensored or Ã¢â¬Å"obsceneÃ¢â¬ mail through the Federal mail system. Albert Ellis was also one of the first individuals start their own private practice as a psychologist.